15. Object Relations (for comps only includes Klein, Winnicott, and Fairbairn)*** Flashcards Preview

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According to Winnicott (1969), what leads to developing schizophrenia?

Maternal absence or withdrawal during the paranoid-schizoid position/early incorporative phase.

Schizophrenia is seen as a continuum of the schizoid pathology, with the only real difference being in the degree of it (which at the most severe end is a break in reality testing).

He explains breaks in reality testing as that the schizophrenic patient withdraws love investment to such an extent that emotional contact with others and with external reality is renounced.