2. Ethical and Cultural Issues in Defining Pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2. Ethical and Cultural Issues in Defining Pathology Deck (13):
1

Describe the cultural variation in: Depression

Experienced as nerves or headaches in Hispanic and Mediterranean clients, imbalance in Asian clients, and problems of the heart in Middle Eastern clients.

2

Describe the cultural variation in: Alcohol Related Disorders

▪ lower in Asians
▪ equal in blacks and whites
▪ higher in male Hispanics
▪ lower in female Hispanics

3

Describe the cultural variation in: Inhalant Abuse

Higher in Alaskan natives.

4

Describe the cultural variation in: Somaticization

Higher in Greek and Puerto Rican men.

5

Describe the cultural variation in: Schizophrenia

▪ African Americans more often diagnosed
▪ 1% across cultures

6

Describe the cultural variation in: Bipolar Disorder

▪ No ethnic differences found
▪ 1% across cultures

7

Describe the cultural variation in: Bulimia Nervosa

▪ described as primary white (APA, 2000)

8

Which disorders are men most likely to be diagnosed with?

Infancy, childhood, and adolescent disorders. Also substance related, sexual, gender identity, and impulsive.

9

Which disorders are women most likely to be diagnosed with?

Depression, anxiety, somaticization, dissociative, and eating disorders.

10

Which personality disorders are men more likely to be diagnosed with?

Paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, antisocial, and compulsive PD's.

11

Which personality disorders are women more likely to be diagnosed with?

Borderline, histrionic, and dependent personality disorders.

12

What could account for the differing rates of diagnoses among males and females (outside of biology)?

Biased diagnostic standards, sexism, or western ideals. Gender and nationality also influence whether or not a problem is brought to the attention of a mental health professional.

13

What influences how children express psychopathology?

Culture shapes it, especially in terms of internalization versus externalization.