Flashcards in Abdomen Deck (39)
TRUE or FALSE?
There are no organs in the peritoneal cavity.
What is the function of mesentries?
provide a means for neurovascular communication between the organ and the body wall
Where is the greater omentum?
extends superiorly, laterally to the left, and inferiorly from the greater curvature of the stomach and the proximal part of the duodenum
What are the three parts of the greater omentum?
gastrophrenic ligament, gastrosplenic ligament, and gastrocolic ligament
Where is the lesser omentum?
connects the lesser curvature of the stomach and the proximal part of the duodenum to the liver
What forms the GI tract?
the esophagus, stomach, and intestine
What is peristalsis?
series of ring-like contraction waves; responsible for mixing masticated food and emptying contents of stomach
What are the parts of the small intestine?
duodenum, jejunum, and ileum
What are the parts of the large intestine?
cecum, appendix, colon, rectum, and anal canal
What does the abdominal aorta supply?
GI tract, spleen, pancreas, gallbladder, and liver
What are the main branches of the abdominal aorta?
celiac trunk, and superior and inferior mesenteric arteries
What is the portal venous system?
collects blood from the abdominal part of the GI tract, pancreas, spleen, and most of gallbladder, and carries it to the liver
What is the main channel of the portal venous system?
hepatic portal vein
What forms the hepatic portal vein?
superior mesenteric and splenic vein
What supplies the abdominal part of the esophagus?
esophageal branches of the left gastric artery (branch of celiac trunk), and left inferior phrenic artery
What are the parts of the stomach?
cardia, fundus, body, and pyloric part
What are the curvatures of the stomach?
lesser and greater curvature
What is the cardia?
surrounds the opening of the esophagus into the stomach (cardial orifice)
What is the fundus?
dilated superior part of the stomach; related to the left dome of the diaphragm
What is the function of the pylorus?
controls discharge of the stomach contents into the duodenum
What is the origin of the celiac trunk?
abdominal aorta (T12)
What is the origin of the left gastric artery?
What is the origin of the splenic artery?
What is the origin of the right gastric artery?
What is the origin of the gastroduodenal artery?
What does the celiac trunk supply?
esophagus, stomach, duodenum, liver, and pancreas
What does the left gastric artery supply?
distal portion of esophagus and left portion of lesser curvature of stomach
What does the splenic artery supply?
body of pancreas, spleen, and greater curvature of stomach
What is the origin of the hepatic artery?