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Thorax, Abdomen, and Pelvis > Abdomen > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdomen Deck (39)
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TRUE or FALSE?
There are no organs in the peritoneal cavity.

True

1

What is the function of mesentries?

provide a means for neurovascular communication between the organ and the body wall

2

Where is the greater omentum?

extends superiorly, laterally to the left, and inferiorly from the greater curvature of the stomach and the proximal part of the duodenum

3

What are the three parts of the greater omentum?

gastrophrenic ligament, gastrosplenic ligament, and gastrocolic ligament

4

Where is the lesser omentum?

connects the lesser curvature of the stomach and the proximal part of the duodenum to the liver

5

What forms the GI tract?

the esophagus, stomach, and intestine

6

What is peristalsis?

series of ring-like contraction waves; responsible for mixing masticated food and emptying contents of stomach

7

What are the parts of the small intestine?

duodenum, jejunum, and ileum

8

What are the parts of the large intestine?

cecum, appendix, colon, rectum, and anal canal

9

What does the abdominal aorta supply?

GI tract, spleen, pancreas, gallbladder, and liver

10

What are the main branches of the abdominal aorta?

celiac trunk, and superior and inferior mesenteric arteries

11

What is the portal venous system?

collects blood from the abdominal part of the GI tract, pancreas, spleen, and most of gallbladder, and carries it to the liver

12

What is the main channel of the portal venous system?

hepatic portal vein

13

What forms the hepatic portal vein?

superior mesenteric and splenic vein

14

What supplies the abdominal part of the esophagus?

esophageal branches of the left gastric artery (branch of celiac trunk), and left inferior phrenic artery

15

What are the parts of the stomach?

cardia, fundus, body, and pyloric part

16

What are the curvatures of the stomach?

lesser and greater curvature

17

What is the cardia?

surrounds the opening of the esophagus into the stomach (cardial orifice)

18

What is the fundus?

dilated superior part of the stomach; related to the left dome of the diaphragm

19

What is the function of the pylorus?

controls discharge of the stomach contents into the duodenum

20

What is the origin of the celiac trunk?

abdominal aorta (T12)

21

What is the origin of the left gastric artery?

celiac trunk

22

What is the origin of the splenic artery?

celiac trunk

23

What is the origin of the right gastric artery?

hepatic artery

24

What is the origin of the gastroduodenal artery?

hepatic artery

25

What does the celiac trunk supply?

esophagus, stomach, duodenum, liver, and pancreas

26

What does the left gastric artery supply?

distal portion of esophagus and left portion of lesser curvature of stomach

27

What does the splenic artery supply?

body of pancreas, spleen, and greater curvature of stomach

28

What is the origin of the hepatic artery?

celiac trunk

29

What does the hepatic artery supply?

liver, gallbladder, stomach, pancreas, duodenum, and respective lobes of liver