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Spinal Anatomy > Abnormal Curvature > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abnormal Curvature Deck (27):
1

What names are given to conditions associated with abnormal curves of the vertebral column?

Lordosis
Kyphosis
Scoliosis

2

What is the definition of lordosis?

Forward bending condition

3

What is the definition of kyphosis?

Humpback or hunchback condition

4

What is the definition of scoliosis?

Warped or crooked condition

5

What is the direction of the curve deviation in lordosis?

To the anterior

6

What is the direction of the curve deviation in kyphosis?

To the posterior

7

What clinical examples of abnormal curvatures along the vertebral column were stressed in class?

Military neck
Humpback or hunchback
Swayback

8

What are the curve classifications for military neck?

Kyphosis or hypolordotic curve

9

What are the curve classifications for humpback or hunchback?

Kyphosis or hyperkyphotic curve

10

What are the curve classifications for swayback?

Lordosis or hyperlordotic curve

11

What is the more complete, accepted definition of scoliosis?

Abnormal lateral curve coupled with axial rotation

12

What are the classifications of scoliosis according to the Scoliosis Research Society?

Magnitude
Location
Direction
Etiology
Structural scoliosis
Non-structural scoliosis

13

What does magnitude of scoliosis refer to?

Length and angle of the curve deviation on x-ray

14

What does location of scoliosis infer?

Location on the vertebral segment forming the apex of the curve deviation

15

What does direction of scoliosis refer to?

Side of convexity of the curve will bend toward

16

What does the etiology of scoliosis mean?

Cause of scoliosis

17

What is the classification of scoliosis that is unique to the individual patient?

Idiopathic scoliosis

18

What is the incidence of idiopathic scoliosis in the population?

1% to 4% of the population

19

Based on age of onset, what are the types of idiopathic scoliosis?

Infantile
Juvenile
Adolescent

20

What is the age range for infantile idiopathic scoliosis?

From birth to 3 years old

21

What is the age range for juvenile idiopathic scoliosis?

From 3 years old to 10 years old

22

What is the age range for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?

Over 10 years old

23

Identify the curve direction, location, gender bias, and incidence of infantile idiopathic scoliosis.

Left thoracic
Male
Less than 1% incidence

24

Identify the curve direction, location, gender bias, and incidence of juvenile idiopathic scoliosis.

Right thoracic
Females over 6 years old
12%-21% incidence

25

Identify the curve direction, location, gender bias, and incidence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Right thoracic or right thoracic and left lumbar
Females
80% incidence

26

What is the genetic factor associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?

Autosomal dominant factor that runs in families

27

What is the relationship between curve deviation, incidence, and curve worsening?

Greater the deviation, the lower the incidence, and more likely to worsen