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Spinal Anatomy Exam 3 > Abnormal Curvatures > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abnormal Curvatures Deck (27):
1

What names are given to conditions associated with abnormal curves of the vertebral column?

lordosis, kyphosis, scoliosis

2

What is the definition of lordosis?

a forward bending condition

3

What is the definition of kyphosis?

a humpback or hunchback condition

4

What is the definition of scoliosis?

a warped or crooked condition

5

What is the direction of the curve deviation in lordosis?

to the anterior

6

What is the direction of the curve deviation in kyphosis?

to the posterior

7

What clinical examples of abnormal curvatures along the vertebral column were stressed in class?

military neck, humpback or hunchback, and swayback

8

What are the curve classifications for military neck?

a kyphosis or hypolordotic curve

9

What are the curve classifications for a humpback or hunchback?

a kyphosis or hyperkyphotic curve

10

What are the curve classifications for swayback?

a lordosis or hyperlordotic curvew

11

What is the more complete, accepted definition of scoliosis?

an abnormal lateral curve couple with axial rotation

12

What are the classifications of scoliosis according to the Scoliosis Research Society?

magnitude, location, direction, etiology, structural scoliosis and non-structural scoliosis

13

What does magnitude of scoliosis refer to?

the length and angle of he curve deviation on x-ray

14

What does the location of scoliosis infer?

the location of the vertebral segment forming the apex of the curve deviation

15

What does direction of scoliosis refer to?

the side the convexity of the curve will bend toward

16

What does etiology of scoliosis mean?

the cause of the scoliosis

17

What is the classification of scoliosis that is unique to the individual patient?

idiopathic scoliosis

18

What is the incidence of idiopathic scoliosis in the population?

1% to 4% of the population

19

Based on age of onset, what are the types of idiopathic scoliosis?

infantile, juvenile, and adolescent

20

What is the age range for infantile idiopathic scoliosis?

From birth to 3 years old

21

What is the age range for juvenile idiopathic scoliosis?

from 3 years old to 10 years old

22

What is the age range for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?

over 10 years old

23

Identify the curve direction, location, gender bias and incidence of infantile idiopathic scoliosis

right thoracic, male, less than 1% incidence

24

Identify the curve direction, location, gender bias and incidence of juvenile idiopathic scoliosis

right thoracic, females over 6 years old, and 12%-21% incidence

25

Identify the curve direction, location, gender bias and incidence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

right thoracic or right thoracic and left lumbar, females, and 80% incidence

26

What is the genetic factor associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?

an autosomal dominant factor that runs in families

27

What is the relationship between curve deviation, incidence, and curve worsening?

the greater the deviation, the lower the incidence, and the more likely to worsen