Abnormal Fetal Thorax Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abnormal Fetal Thorax Deck (7)
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Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Protrusion of ABD contents through defect in diaphragm. 90% post/lat to foramen of Bochdalek

Abd contents in chest,
Lack of Intra abd stomach
Peristalsis of bowel in chest
Malposition of ❤️

Pleural effusion, dec AC, polyhydramnios

Assoc with trisomy 18

1

Right sided hernia

GB in chest
Mediastinal shift

2

Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation /CCAM / camal/ CPAM / Adenomatoid hamartoma

Rare pulmonary lesion
Unilateral 1 lung
Cysts/Echogenic mass in lungs
Displaced ❤️
Ascites, pleural effusion, hydrops
Inverted diaphragm
Polyhydramnios
Inc thoracic circumference

Type 1: macro cyst >2cm
Type 2: micro cyst (assoc with aneuploidy)
Type 3: echogenic, multiple small

Assoc: kidney, ❤️, GI

3

Pulmonary Sequestration

Solid Nonfunctioning mass of lung tissue
Interlobar & Extralobar
Spherical/wedge shape Echogenic mass. Not well circumscribed
Polyhydramnios

*color Doppler shows separate blood supply from desc aorta

4

Bronchogenic Cyst

Rare, unilocular/multilocular cyst in chest.
Does not displace ❤️
Close to mediastinum

5

Pleural effusion

Fluid collection in chest surrounding lungs

6

Pericardial teratoma

Rare chest tumor
Germ cell
Hetero ca+