Anatomy Recall Flashcards Preview

CDB PEARLS > Anatomy Recall > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Recall Deck (68):
1

Injury to the ulnar nerve is caused by fracture to which carpal bone

Hamate

2

Injury to the radial artery is caused by fracture to which carpal bone

Scaphoid

3

MC bone fractured in a brawl

4th and 5th metacarpal [Boxer's fracture involves the "little finger"]

4

T/F Carpal tunnel syndrome is elicited by dorsiflexion

F

5

PE finding of ruptured Achilles tendon

Absence of plantar flexion

6

Injury to the long thoracic nerve affects what muscle

Serratus anterior (winging of the scapula)

7

T/F The gracilis is part of the anterior compartment of the leg

F

8

What sign is elicited: Knee flexed to hip and internally rotated

Obturator sign

9

Dermatome of the nipple

T4

10

Dermatome of the umbilicus

T10

11

Pain in appendicitis is felt at what dermatome

T10

12

Arterial supply to upper end of ureter

Renal artery

13

Arterial supply to middle portion of ureter

Testicular or ovarian artery

14

Arterial supply to pelvic part of ureter

Superior vesical artery

15

Nerve damaged in PDA repair

Left recurrent laryngeal nerve

16

Intraaortic balloon pump is inserted in what area in septic shock

Distal to the brachiocephalic artery

17

Leaflets of the tricuspid valve

1) anterior 2) Posterior 3) Septal

18

Artery affected in contralateral hemiplegia

MCA

19

Artery affected in contralateral hemiparesis with ipsilateral 6th nerve palsy

Posterior cerebral artery

20

Nerve used for facial nerve damage

Sural

21

MC location of ectopic thyroid tissue

Base of tongue/lingual

22

Wt of thyroid gland

20g

23

Diameter of common bile duct

4-8mm

24

How much parathyroid gland can be resected in parathyroid CA

3.5

25

Kidney is surrounded with

Perirenal fat

26

Where is parathyroid CA LEAST likely to metastasize

Submental node

27

Nodes sampled via a suprasternal approach

Hilar/subcarinal

28

Are least likely to bleed in an incision of the breast

Inferior

29

What level does the spinal cord end

L1

30

What level is a lumbar tap done

L4-5

31

T/F The epididymis functions for storage of spermatogonia

F

32

Vessel occluded in Pringle maneuver

Portal vein

33

Connective tissue that covers testes

Tunica albuginea

34

Origin of cremaster muscle

Internal oblique

35

Muscle of respiration that raises the ribs

External intercostals

36

Tortuosity of vessels in the scrotum

Varicocele (elevated renal artery pressure, hence more on the left)

37

MC site of stenosis post-intubation

1st tracheal ring

38

Abducts the vocal cords

Lateral cricoarytenoid

39

Tenses the vocal cords

Cricothyroid

40

Caval opening, level

T8

41

Esophageal opening, level

T10

42

Aortic opening, level

T12

43

Disadvantage of doing a pararectal incision

Hitting a nerve

44

Ideal site for paracentesis

Lateral to the rectus, midway between ASIS and umbilicus

45

Drainage of the heart that enters directly into the right atrium

Coronary sinus

46

If the IVC and SVC are obstructed, venous return is not compromised because of what vessel

Azygos vein

47

Pain from chronic pancreatitis is diminished by blocking

Celiac ganglion

48

MC location of SCC of esophagus

Middle 3rd

49

Pain due to rib fracture can be diminished by injecting anesthesia at

Inferior border of rib

50

T/F Left gastroepiploic vessel is blocked by Sengstaken Blakemore tube

F

51

Location of SA node

Between SVC and right atrium

52

Blood supply of SA node

RCA

53

T/F Hypophyseal portal system has arterioles

F (primary capillaries, secondary capillaries, portal venules)

54

MC site of fistula formation in the anal sphincter

Transphincteric

55

Nerve roots for erection

S2,3,4 (Nervi erigentes)

56

Embryological origin of the diaphragm

C3,4,5/septum transversum/pleuroperitoneal membrane

57

Innervation of the inner lining if the tympanic membrane

CN IX

58

T/F Psoas muscle is innervated by femoral nerve

F

59

Major blood supply of the pericardium

Pericardiophrenic artery

60

CN that supplies the cornea

V1

61

MC site of sinusitis

Maxillary

62

MC location of GIST

Submucosa

63

Layers from which all other layers are derived

Stratum germinativum

64

Facial nerve emerges through what foramen

Stylomastoid foramen

65

History of gallstones with dilation of right and left hepatic ducts, where would the stone be lodged

Just above the insertion of the cystic duct

66

Lens shape when ciliary muscles are relaxed

Flat

67

Location of McBurney point

Midway between ASIS and umbilicus

68

Pathophysiology of RLQ pain +mpalpable mass

Walling of by inflamed peritoneum