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Flashcards in apex/valley Deck (20)
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1

cardiovascular effects of the sedation dose of benzos

minimal effects

2

cardiovascular effects "induction dose" for benzos

decreases BP
decreases SVR

3

sedation- respiratory efforts benzos

minimal effects

4

respiratory effects induction dose- benzos

respiratory depression

5

respiratory effects opioids plus benzos

opioids potentiate the respiratory depressant effects even at doses used for sedation

6

what is the concern for a COPD patient getting versed

more sensitive to the respiratory depressant effects

7

induction dose of benzos effects on CMRO2 and CBF

decreases

8

what type of amnesia do benzo cause

antegrade amnesia

9

what are the side effects of etomidate

myoclonus
adrenocortical suppression
nausea and vomiting
acute intermittent porphyria

10

tell me about myoclonus and etomidate

involuntary skeletal muscle contractions, dystonia or tremor

11

etomidate
intracranial pressure
cerebral blood flow
cerebral oxygen consumption

decrease
decrease
decrease

12

how is esmolol metabolized

in the plasma by non selective esterase of the red blood cell

13

what is esmolol used to treat

intraoperative SVT
intraoperative HTN
blunt reflex cardiovascular responses to intubation
produce controlled hypotension

14

Most common side effects of zoltan/ondansetron

headache and or diarrhea

15

when should ondansetron be administered

30 min prior to emergence

16

when should dexamethasone be administered

during induction

17

what is the cardiac concern for 5HT3 antagonist and butyrophenones (droperidol)

can prolong the QT interval

18

what medications can cause extrapyramidal symptoms and are contraindicated in patients with parkinsons

dopamine antagonist

19

this medication is contraindicated in patients with bowel obstruction

metoclopramide

20

transdermal scopolamine is best applied how many hours before surgery and left on how many hours

4 hours before surgery and left on 72 hours