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Flashcards in Art Deck (82)
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1

What is the name of this famous work of art?

Mona Lisa (1517) by Leonardo da Vinci

The Mona Lisa is shrouded in mystery even today. People speculate as to who the woman in the painting was, and what her faint smile might mean. The painting was once stolen, but was recovered in the early 1900s.

2

Which Spanish painter and sculptor of the 19th and 20th centuries is best known as a co-founder of the Cubist movement and for the diverse styles he explored?

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

His major works include Guernica, an anti-war mural, and Les Demoiselles d'Avignon.

3

Which 15th- and 16th-century Italian Renaissance polymath is considered the archetypical Renaissance Man for his diverse talents and interests in the arts and sciences?

Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519)

His major works include the paintings The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper and the drawing The Vetruvian Man.

4

What is the name of this famous work of art?

The Last Supper (1498) by Leonardo da Vinci

This is a fresco painting on the wall of a monastery in Milan, Italy, depicting Christ's Last Supper with his disciples.

5

Which 20th-century American artist is best known as a founder and leading figure of the Pop Art movement?

Andy Warhol (1928-1987)

His major works include the film Chelsea Girls and the painting Campbell's Soup Cans.

6

Which 15th- and 16th-century Italian sculptor, painter, and architect was best known for the sculptures David and Pieta, the fresco painting The Creation of Adam on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and for redesigning Saint Peter's Basilica in the Vatican?

Michelangelo (1475-1564)

He is considered a Renaissance Man, rivaled only by Leonardo da Vinci; he excelled in a variety of artistic disciplines.

7

What is the name of this famous work of art?

The Starry Night (1889) by Vincent Van Gogh

This oil painting is considered Van Gogh's greatest work, and is famous for its sweeping brushstrokes that depict movement in the night sky.

8

Which 20th-century Mexican painter was best known for her self-portraits?

Frida Kahlo (1907-1954)

Kahlo was famously married to fellow Mexican artist Diego Rivera. Her work is praised for its nationalistic and feminist undertones.

9

Which 19th- and 20th-century French post-Impressionist artist is known for his small, repetitive brushstrokes that build up to form a larger image?

Paul Cézanne (1839-1906)

His major works include Mont Sainte-Victoire seen from Bellevue, The Card Players, and The Bathers. (Below: The Basket of Apples, 1895)

10

What is the name of this famous work of art?

Statue of David (1504) by Michelangelo

David was a figure in the Bible who, as a young boy, defeated a giant named Goliath with a slingshot. There had been other statues of David before this, but Michelangelo's was the first in which David was not in action.

11

Which 20th-century Spanish painter is best known for the bizarre and confounding images in his surrealist work?

Salvador Dali (1904-1989)

His major works include The Persistence of Memory, famously depicting melting clocks, and Swans Reflecting Elephants.

12

Which 19th- and 20th-century Norwegian painter and printmaker dealt with psychological themes and is considered a Symbolist?

Edvard Munch (1863-1944)

His most celebrated piece is The Scream.

13

What is the name of this famous work of art?

The Creation of Adam (1512) by Michelangelo

The series of paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel are interpretations of nine Bible stories, all from the Book of Genesis. This portion depicts the creation of Adam.

14

Which 20th-century American photographer is best known for her work documenting Depression-era workers for the Farm Security Administration?

Dorothea Lange (1895-1965)

Her most famous picture, Migrant Mother, has become synonymous with the Great Depression.

15

Which French painter of the 19th and 20th centuries is best known as a founder of Impressionism?

Claude Monet (1840-1926)

His major works include Impression, Sunrise, and Water Lilies.

16

What is the name of this famous work of art?

The Scream (1893) by Edvard Munch

This work was inspired by a sunset; Munch stated, "I sensed a scream passing through nature; it seemed to me that I heard the scream." The painting has multiple versions made using different media; the original version is a pastel.

17

Which 19th-century Dutch post-Impressionist painter's works are characterized by bold colors and emotional honesty?

Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890)

His work was only appreciated posthumously after his early death (thought to be a suicide). His major works include The Starry Night, Sunflowers, and Bedroom in Arles.

18

Which 19th-century French Post-Impressionist painter and draftsman is best known as the developer of the pointillism technique of painting?

Georges Seurat (1859-1891)

His major works include Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte and Parade de Cirque.

19

What is the name of this famous work of art?

The Kiss (1909) by Gustav Klimt

This oil painting is considered Klimt's most famous work, and is an early example of the modern art movement.

20

Which Dutch painter and etcher of the 17th century was a prominent member of the Dutch Golden Age, and whose major works include Danae and Night Watch?

Rembrandt (1606-1669)

He is best known for his portraits, self-portraits, and illustrations of scenes from the Bible.

21

Which 19th- and 20th-century French sculptor is best known as the founder of modern sculpture?

Auguste Rodin (1840-1917)

His major works include The Walking Man, The Burghers of Calais, and The Thinker.

22

What is the name of this famous work of art?

Guernica (1937) by Pablo Picasso

Picasso was inspired to paint this piece after the bombing of the Spanish city Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. Today the work is recognized as an anti-war symbol.

23

Which 19th- and 20th-century French painter and sculptor is best known for his mastery of expressive color?

Henri Matisse (1869-1954)

He helped define modernism in the 20th century, and his major works include Woman with a Hat and The Dance.

24

Which 15th- and 16th-century painter and architect is considered part of the traditional trio of Renaissance masters (along with Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo), and painted The School of Athens?

Raphael (1483-1520)

25

What is the name of this famous work of art?

The Persistence of Memory (1931) by Salvador Dali

This piece is one of the most famous examples of surrealist artwork, which typically incorporates some unexpected visual twist.

26

Which American photographer of the 20th and 21st centuries is known for her portrait photographs of celebrities, which have adorned the covers of Rolling Stone and Vanity Fair magazines?

Annie Leibovitz (1949- )

27

Which 20th-century Irish-born British painter typically depicted figures trapped in geometrical cages set against flat backgrounds?

Francis Bacon (1909-1992)

His major works include Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion and Study for a Self-Portrait - Triptych.

28

What is the name of this famous work of art?

Girl with a Pearl Earring (1665) by Johannes Vermeer

This painting, sometimes dubbed "The Mona Lisa of the North," is infamous for its mystery. Experts still speculate on the subject of the work and what the subject's relationship to Vermeer may have been.

29

Which 18th- and 19th-century Spanish painter and printmaker's work was often darker than that of his contemporaries, and included pieces such as La maja desnuda, The Third of May 1808, and Black Paintings?

Francisco Goya (1746-1828)

30

Which 19th- and 20th-century French painter helped develop the Impressionist movement, and often portrayed feminine sensuality in his paintings?

​Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)

His major works include Bal du moulin de la Galette, Nude, and Luncheon of the Boating Party.