Asthma Clinical Features in Children Flashcards Preview

Respiratory System > Asthma Clinical Features in Children > Flashcards

Flashcards in Asthma Clinical Features in Children Deck (36)
Loading flashcards...
1

Can you have asthma without a wheeze?

No, no wheeze then no asthma

2

What are common symptoms of asthma?

Wheeze

Cough

Shortness of breath

3

What are key things of asthma?

Variable/reversible

Multiple triggers

4

What are key things in the diagnosis of asthma?

Wheeze

Variability

Respond to treatment

5

What similarities are there between children and adult asthma?

Symptoms

Common

Same triggers

Same treatment

Same pathology

6

What are some differences between adults and childrens asthma?

Gender (prevalence in boys and girls)

Severe asthma

Occupational asthma uncommon in children

7

What is epidemiology?

Branch of medicine which deals with the incidence, distribution and possible control of diseases other factors relating to health

8

How many UK children suffer from asthma?

1 million children

9

How many children in Scotland suffer from asthma?

100,000 children

10

What percentage of UK children are on inhaled steroids?

5%

11

Where is asthma most common in the world?

Western countries, with the highest pervalence in the UK

12

What is aetiology?

The cause of disease

13

What can you say about the causes of asthma?

There are many, all leading to the same final common pathway to asthma

14

Why do people suffer from asthma at different stages of their lives?

It takes multiple hits to get above the threshold for clinical symptoms

15

What can you say about testing for asthma?

There is no definitive test for asthma

16

What is a wheeze the result of?

A narrowing airway due to:

 

Bronchoconstriction

Airway wall thickening

Luminal secretions

17

How good are patients, generally, at describing a wheeze?

Most do not know what it is, confusing it with rattle, stridor or stertor

18

When does shortness of breath at rest occur?

Due to significant respiratory difficulty (less than 30% of lung function) because of airway obstruction

19

What is the cough due to asthma usually like?

Dry and nocturnal

20

What are some triggers of asthma?

Viruses (rhinovirus in 75% of cases)

Exercise

Allergen

Cold air

Emotion

Menstruation

21

What is the most common virus to trigger asthma?

Rhinovirus (75% of cases)

22

What is atopy?

Genetic tendency to develop allergic diseases

23

What does a patient who is suffering from asthma, ideally, show?

Wheeze

Shortness of breath

Multitrigger

Sinusoidal

Atopy

Parental asthma

Responds to treatment

24

When someone is under 18 months, what are they likey suffering from?

Infection

25

When someone is over 5 years, what are they likely suffering from?

Asthma

26

What is something that sounds like asthma, and responds to asthma?

Asthma, regardless of age

27

What must happen after treatment for asthma?

There must be a response for it to be asthma

28

When it is not asthma, what could it be instead?

Bronchitis (2-3 years old, wet cough)

Pertussis (fits, vomits, haematoma)

Habitual cough (8 - 12 years old, single loud cough)

Tracheomalacia (lifelong loud cough)

Viral induced wheeze

Foreign body

Cystic fibrosis

Immune deficiency

Ciliary dyskinesia

29

What are symptoms of bronchitis?

Loose rattly cough

Chest free of wheeze

Noisy breathing

30

How long does bacterial bronchitis last?

More than 4 weeks