B15. Epidemiology, etiology, histology, staging, symptoms, and diagnosis of cervical cancer  Flashcards Preview

Oncology > B15. Epidemiology, etiology, histology, staging, symptoms, and diagnosis of cervical cancer  > Flashcards

Flashcards in B15. Epidemiology, etiology, histology, staging, symptoms, and diagnosis of cervical cancer  Deck (9):
1

Malignant cervical tumors

-80-90%: Squamous cell cancer (palnocellular)
-5-8%: glandular tissue (adenocarcinoma)
-1-3%: sarcomas, malignant melanoma, and neuroendocrine tumors

2

Staging of cervical cancer

FIGO
TNM

3

FIGO stage classification for cervical cancers

Stagesa

4

How does cervical cancers spread

Typically via local invasion and lymphogenous spread.
Hematogenous spread may happen in advanced cases

5

Where do cervical cancer tumors spread to?

Vagina, rectum, bladder, parametrium.
Parametric infiltrated by the tumor may encase the ureters and cause stricture leading to hydronephrosis

6

Early non-specific symptoms of cervical cancer

Vaginal discharge, contact bleeding, no symptoms. Bloody discharge usually characterize exophytic or ulcerating tumor.

7

Majority of advanced cervical cancer cases cause

Pain signifying advanced process.
Weight loss, fatigue, anemia

8

Diagnosis of cervical cancer

-DRE and vaginal examination.
Imaging techniques
-CT: regional spread and distant metastases of advanced cervical cancer
-MRI: gold standard both diagnostically and prognostically
-PET-CT
Clinical suspicion
-Cystoscopic
-Rectosigmoidoscopy

9

ADD CARDS FROM BEGINNING OF TOPIC

Yeah