Flashcards in B15. Epidemiology, etiology, histology, staging, symptoms, and diagnosis of cervical cancer Deck (9):
Malignant cervical tumors
-80-90%: Squamous cell cancer (palnocellular)
-5-8%: glandular tissue (adenocarcinoma)
-1-3%: sarcomas, malignant melanoma, and neuroendocrine tumors
Staging of cervical cancer
FIGO stage classification for cervical cancers
How does cervical cancers spread
Typically via local invasion and lymphogenous spread.
Hematogenous spread may happen in advanced cases
Where do cervical cancer tumors spread to?
Vagina, rectum, bladder, parametrium.
Parametric infiltrated by the tumor may encase the ureters and cause stricture leading to hydronephrosis
Early non-specific symptoms of cervical cancer
Vaginal discharge, contact bleeding, no symptoms. Bloody discharge usually characterize exophytic or ulcerating tumor.
Majority of advanced cervical cancer cases cause
Pain signifying advanced process.
Weight loss, fatigue, anemia
Diagnosis of cervical cancer
-DRE and vaginal examination.
-CT: regional spread and distant metastases of advanced cervical cancer
-MRI: gold standard both diagnostically and prognostically