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Passive Care Final > Braces, Supports, Taping > Flashcards

Flashcards in Braces, Supports, Taping Deck (30)
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1

What are the two names for scoliosis braces termed based on location?

TLSO - thoraco lumbo sacral orthosis and CTLSO - cervico thoraco lumbo sacral orthosis

2

What are the other names for the TLSO brace for scoliosis?

Boston brace, under arm brace

3

How long are the Boston and Milwaukee braces worn per day?

At least 23 hours

4

What is another name for the CTLSO brace for scoliosis?

Milwaukee brace

5

Which scoliosis brace is for the thoracic spine?

CTLSO

6

Which scoliosis brace is only used during the sleeping hours?

Charleston Bending Brace

7

The Charleston Bending Brace is molding to the patient in which position to give added pressure?

Side flexion

8

What is the Jewett brace primarily used for?

Bracing for spinal fractures

9

Bracing for spinal fractures put the patient into what position primarily?

Extension (hyperextension)

10

What type of brace is used by pregnant and postpartum females with SI joint pain?

Trochanteric/Sacroiliac belts

11

What should we advise our patients to do if using lumbar supports?

Use suspenders to PREVENT injury

12

What are some of the risks associated with lumbar supports?

Higher BP and heart rate, worse mechanics for lifting, increased intra-abdominal pressure

13

What should we advise patients who wish to use lumbar supports?

TEMPORARY use, cardiovascular risk, education on mechanics and fitness

14

What is a big concern with knee braces?

Slows hamstring reflexes

15

What can help the slowed hamstring reflexes seen with knee braces?

Kinesiotaping

16

Although knee braces may not protect from injury completely, it does provide protection from what kind of impact?

Lateral blows

17

What are neoprene sleeves used for?

Keep muscles and joints warm, improve proprioception

18

Are neoprene sleeves effective for injury prevention, too?

NO

19

What type of brace is used for Osgood Schlatter's Disease and epicondylitis of the elbow?

Cho-Pat (compresses tendon against bone)

20

What movements are prevented and which are allowed with an ankle stirrup?

Prevented = inversion/eversion
Allowed = flexion/extension

21

What kinds of braces are used for plantar fasciitis?

Thermoskin or passive night splint, Strassburg sock

22

What has research on cervicals pillows shown?

Positive results on pain, mixed results on disability

23

What is the name for the rigid brace used to prevent motion of the neck while providing slight distraction?

Philadelphia collar

24

Soft cervical collars primarily limit what movements?

Flexion/extension

25

What part of a wrist brace cocks the wrist into either a splint, neutral, or flexed position?

"Spoon"

26

What are the indications for a wrist brace?

Carpal tunnel or sprains

27

What is the nickname for the soft cervical collar?

"Reminder"

28

What is the purpose of kinesiotape?

Prevent overuse/contraction of muscles and facilitates lymph flow

29

How can kinesiotape help with a URI?

Aiding in cervical chain lymphatic drainage

30

What precaution is associated with kinesiotaping?

Subcutaneous bleeding