Brain Anatomy Basics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Brain Anatomy Basics Deck (23):
1

What is the difference between a gyrus and a sulcus?

 

A gyrus is a bump in the brain, a sulcus is a groove.

 

2

What is the cerebral cortex?

The cerebral cortex is the brain's outer layer of gray matter. It is comprised of four main lobes.

3

What are the four main lobes comprising the cerebral cortex?

  • frontal lobe
  • parietal lobe
  • temporal lobe
  • occipital lobe

4

Where is the frontal lobe located?

 

5

What functions are associated with the frontal lobe?

  • reasoning
  • planning
  • parts of speech
  • movement
  • problem solving
  • decision making

6

Where is the parietal lobe located?

 

7

What functions are associated with the parietal lobe?

  • movement
  • orientation
  • recognition
  • perception of stimuli

8

Where is the temporal lobe located?

 

9

What 3 functions are associated with the temporal lobe?

  • perception/recognition of auditory stimuli
  • memory
  • speech

10

Where is the occipital lobe located?

 

11

What function is associated with the occipital lobe?

  • visual processing 

12

What are the two main components of the brain stem?

  • midbrain
  • hindbrain

 

13

What are three main components of the hindbrain?

 

  • Medulla
  • Pons
  • Cerebellum

14

Where is the pons located?

15

What functions are associated with the pons?

 
  • bladder control
  • eye movement
  • facial expressions
  • hearing
  • posture
  • respiration
  • sleep
  • swallowing
  • taste

 

16

Where is the medulla located?

17

What are some functions associated with the medulla?

  • breathing
  • heart rate
  • blood pressure

18

Where is the cerebellum located?

 

19

What are some functions associated with the cerebellum?

 

  • Fine motor control
  • Balance and equilibrium
  • Muscle tone

20

Where is the limbic system located?

21

What are some functions supported by the limbic system?

  • emotion
  • behavior
  • motivation
  • long-term memory
  • olfaction (smell)

22

Where is the thalamus located?

 

23

What is the function of the thalamus?

  • "Command center" of the brain
  • Processes and relays sensory information