In terms of volume and value, what is the largest appellation in France?
What kind of climate does Bordeaux have?
What effect does the Gulf Stream have on the growing season in Bordeaux?
It extends it
How late can grape-ripening continue in Bordeaux?
What potential weather hazard is rarely a problem in Bordeaux? Why?
The warming effect of the Gulf Stream
What effect does proximity to the Atlantic have on Bordeaux?
High levels of rainfall and humidity
What protects vineyards from the worst of the Atlantic storms?
The Landes forest and coastal sand dunes
What effects on wine can the common rainfall promote in Bordeaux?
Disruption of flowering and fruit set Promote rot Dilute flavours at harvest
Which climatic phenomenon makes vintage variation relevant in Bordeaux?
The potential negative effects of rain
How do top producers reduce vintage variation in Bordeaux?
By rejecting unhealthy and unripe grapes
Besides grape selection, what else has contributed to healthier, riper grapes on average in Bordeaux?
Changes in canopy management techniques A decline in the use of sprays
Almost all red Bordeaux wines and most white Bordeaux are ...
Why in general are Bordeaux wines blended?
Variability in weather makes it too risky to rely on one grape variety
Why is it a good solution to be reliant on several grape varieties in Bordeaux?
The different varieties permitted in Bordeaux flower and ripen at different times, meaning that one bad episode of weather is unlikely to ruin an entire crop
How many grapes are technically permitted in Bordeaux?
How many grapes predominate in Bordeaux?
Three black Two white (Five)
Which are the five main grapes of Bordeaux?
Where in Bordeaux does Cabernet Sauvignon dominate?
In which two areas of Bordeaux is Cabernet Sauvignon also very important?
The Bas-Médoc The Graves
Why are Cabernet's main regions of Bordeaux the only areas in which it can reliably ripen?
Their high stone/gravel content raises vineyard temperature
What percentage of the blend can Cabernet account for in its main areas of Bordeaux?
Where in Bordeaux is Cabernet Franc most widely grown?
To a lesser extent, in the Médoc and the Graves
What kind of wines does Cab Franc produce in Bordeaux?
Wines with less body and tannin than Cabernet Sauvignon
Herbaceous and stalky flavours when unripe
Vibrant fruit and floral notes when ripe
What kind of soils does Cabernet Franc prefer?
Well drained, warm soils
What is the most widely planted grape in Bordeaux?
In which Bordeaux wines is Merlot most important?
The premium wines of Saint-Émilion and Pomerol
Why are Saint-Émilion and Pomerol good for growing Merlot as opposed to Cabernet Sauvignon?
Merlot can successfully grow on the cooler, clay based soils here where Cabernet would struggle
Which Bordeaux grape is predominant in the cheaper high volume wines? Why?
Merlot It is the softest in flavour
Which Bordeaux grape ripens fully in only the very hot years?
What kind of wines does Petit Verdot give in Bordeaux?
Very deep-coloured, tannic wine that ages slowly