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Flashcards in C13 - Bordeaux Deck (129)
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1

In terms of volume and value, what is the largest appellation in France?

Bordeaux

 

2

What kind of climate does Bordeaux have?

Moderate maritime

3

What effect does the Gulf Stream have on the growing season in Bordeaux?

It extends it

4

How late can grape-ripening continue in Bordeaux?

Into October

5

What potential weather hazard is rarely a problem in Bordeaux? Why?

Spring frosts

The warming effect of the Gulf Stream

6

What effect does proximity to the Atlantic have on Bordeaux?

High levels of rainfall and humidity

7

What protects vineyards from the worst of the Atlantic storms?

The Landes forest and coastal sand dunes

8

What effects on wine can the common rainfall promote in Bordeaux?

Disruption of flowering and fruit set Promote rot Dilute flavours at harvest

9

Which climatic phenomenon makes vintage variation relevant in Bordeaux?

The potential negative effects of rain

10

How do top producers reduce vintage variation in Bordeaux?

By rejecting unhealthy and unripe grapes

11

Besides grape selection, what else has contributed to healthier, riper grapes on average in Bordeaux?

Changes in canopy management techniques A decline in the use of sprays

12

Almost all red Bordeaux wines and most white Bordeaux are ...

Blended

13

Why in general are Bordeaux wines blended?

Variability in weather makes it too risky to rely on one grape variety

14

Why is it a good solution to be reliant on several grape varieties in Bordeaux?

The different varieties permitted in Bordeaux flower and ripen at different times, meaning that one bad episode of weather is unlikely to ruin an entire crop

15

How many grapes are technically permitted in Bordeaux?

Thirteen

16

How many grapes predominate in Bordeaux?

Three black Two white (Five)

17

Which are the five main grapes of Bordeaux?

Cabernet Sauvignon

Merlot

Cabernet Franc

Sémillon

Sauvignon Blanc

18

Where in Bordeaux does Cabernet Sauvignon dominate?

The Haut-Médoc

19

In which two areas of Bordeaux is Cabernet Sauvignon also very important?

The Bas-Médoc The Graves

20

Why are Cabernet's main regions of Bordeaux the only areas in which it can reliably ripen?

Their high stone/gravel content raises vineyard temperature

21

What percentage of the blend can Cabernet account for in its main areas of Bordeaux?

75%

22

Where in Bordeaux is Cabernet Franc most widely grown?

Saint-Émilion

To a lesser extent, in the Médoc and the Graves

23

What kind of wines does Cab Franc produce in Bordeaux?

Wines with less body and tannin than Cabernet Sauvignon

Herbaceous and stalky flavours when unripe

Vibrant fruit and floral notes when ripe

24

What kind of soils does Cabernet Franc prefer?

Well drained, warm soils

25

What is the most widely planted grape in Bordeaux?

Merlot

26

In which Bordeaux wines is Merlot most important?

The premium wines of Saint-Émilion and Pomerol

27

Why are Saint-Émilion and Pomerol good for growing Merlot as opposed to Cabernet Sauvignon?

Merlot can successfully grow on the cooler, clay based soils here where Cabernet would struggle

28

Which Bordeaux grape is predominant in the cheaper high volume wines? Why?

Merlot It is the softest in flavour

29

Which Bordeaux grape ripens fully in only the very hot years?

Petit Verdot

30

What kind of wines does Petit Verdot give in Bordeaux?

Very deep-coloured, tannic wine that ages slowly