Ch. 40 - AGE Flashcards Preview

Nelson - The Digestive System > Ch. 40 - AGE > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 40 - AGE Deck (12):
1

2nd MCC of childhood deaths worldwide

Diarrheal disorders

2

MC identifiable viral cause of gastroenteritis in all children

Rotavirus

3

MC bacterial pathogens of AGE in developing countries

Salmonella, shigella, e.coli

4

MCC of waterborne outbreaks of diarrhea

Cryptosporidium

5

Type of diarrhea produced by enteropathogens that produce enterotoxin, destroy villi, and adhere to intestinal wall

Non-inflammatory diarrhea

6

Type of diarrhea produced by bacteria that directly invade the intestine to produce cytotoxins

Inflammatory diarrhea

7

Persistent diarrhea is defined as

≥14 days

8

Dehydration must be evaluated rapidly and corrected within

4-6 hours

9

Risks associated with severe dehydration and might necessitate IV resuscitation

1) <6 months 2) Prematurity 3) Chronic illness 4) Fever >38C if <3 months or >39C if 3-36 months 5) Bloody diarrhea 6) Persistent emesis 7) Poor urine output 8) Sunken eyes 9) Depressed level of consciousness

10

Global standard of care for AGE in pediatric population

Low osmolality WHO ORS: 75meqs Na, 75mmol Glucose, total osm of 245 mOsm/L

11

T/F There is strong evidence that Zn supplementation in children with diarrhea in developing countries leads to reduced duration and severity of diarrhea and potentially prevent recurrence

T

12

One of the most effective interventions to reduce risk of premature childhood mortality and potential to prevent 13% of all deaths of children <5 yrs from AGE

Exclusive breastfeeding for the 1st 6 months of life