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31

the single landmass that existed on Earth ~250 Mya and subsequently split into Laurasia and Gondwana

Pangaea

32

the northern landmass that separated from Pangaea ~150 Mya and subsequently split into North America, Europe, and Asia.

Laurasia

33

the southern landmass that separated from Pangaea and split into South America, Africa, Antarctica, and India

Gondwana

34

6 distinct biogeographic regions

-neartic
-neotropical
-afrotropical
-paleartic
-indomalayan
-australian

35

allowed species to independently evolve in different regions of the Earth

Separation of continents

36

allowed groups of organisms unique to one landmass to move into new areas

joining of continents

37

established six distinct biogeographic regions that contain unique groups of organisms

The separation and joining of continents