Conditions Flashcards Preview

PPE > Conditions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Conditions Deck (19):
1

what is murasmus and kwashiorkor

murasmus - calorie and protein def
kwashiorkor - protein deficiency

2

murasmus symptoms

muscle and fat wasting, no oedema, dehydration, anemia

3

kwashiorkor symptoms

oedema, muslce wasting, hepatomegaly

4

clinical signs of G6PDH deficiency

cataracts, heinz body and anemia due to RBC breakdown, oxidative damage due to no NADPH

5

symptoms of lactic acidosis

deep breathing, abdo pain, nausea

6

how does cyanide poisoning kill

cyanide binds to ETC and prevents oxidative phosphorylation

7

symptoms of glycogen storage disease, too much and too little

too much - tissue damage, liver and muscle
too little - poor exercise tolerance, hypoglycemia

8

hyperglycemia test outcome for random and fasting blood glucose

random - 11.1mM+
fasting - 7mM+

9

symptoms of hypoglycemia

slurred speech, dizziness, headache, reduced coord

10

hwo diagnose phenylketonuria and homocysteinuria

phenylkteones in urine or homocystein in urine

11

how treat homocysteinuria

low methionine diet, vit b6 and folate

12

symptoms of DKA

hypervent, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, abdo pain

13

cushings diagnosis and treatment

diagnosis - dexamethasone suppression test, plasma conc of ACTH and cortisol
treat - remove tumour, radiotherapy

14

addisons symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

symptoms - weakness, dehydration, increased pigmentation, hypotension, hypoglycaemia
diagnosis - 24 hr urinary cortisol excretion, synacthen test
treat - glucocoritcoids

15

pattern of inheritance, diagnosis, treatment of cystic fibrosis

pattern - autosomal recessive
diagnosis - genetic screening, sweat test (Na conc in sweat)
treatment - antibiotics, chest physiotherapy

16

downs symptoms and diagnosis

hypothyroidism, heart defects, infertility
diagnosis - amniocentesis

17

give the karyotype of edwards, kleinfeilters, turner

edwards - 47,xx
kleinfelters - 47,xxy
turner - 45,x

18

symptoms of kleinfelters and turner

kleinefelters - reduced test, gyno, infertility
turners - short, webbed neck, infertile

19

marfans defect in what gene, symptoms and test

fibrillin gene
symptoms - tall, heart defects, stretchy skin
test - arm length versus height