Costovertebral joint Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Costovertebral joint Deck (22):
1

What are the locations for costovertebral joints on the vertebra?

the costocentral joint at the vertebral body and the costotransverse joint at the transverse process

2

Which costocentral ligament forms part of the anterior boundary of the intervertebral foramen?

the costocentral capsular ligament

3

The costocentral radiate/stellate ligament is identified with which joint classification?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

4

An intra-articular ligament will be identified with which ribs?

ribs 2 - 9

5

What are the attaching surfaces of the intra-articular ligament?

the intra-articular crest of the head of the rib and the intervertebral disc

6

Which vertebrae will have a synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia) costotransverse joint?

typically T1 - T10

7

What are the accessory ligaments of the costotransverse joint?

the superior costotransverse ligament, the inferior costotransverse ligament and the lateral costotransverse ligament

8

*At what rib will the superior costotransverse ligament be absent?

the first rib

9

What ligaments will attach to the neck of the twelfth rib?

the superior costotransverse ligament from T11 and the lumbocostal ligament for L1

10

What are the attachment sites for the lumbocostal ligament?

the neck of the twelfth rib and the transverse process of L1

11

What is the function of the superior costotransverse ligament?

limitation of lateral bending or maintaining lateral stability

12

What are the attachment sites for the inferior costotransverse ligament?

the neck of the rib and the transverse process of the vertebra at that level

13

Which vertebrae will have an attachment for the inferior costotransverse ligament?

T1 - T11

14

At what rib will the inferior costotransverse ligament be absent?

the twelfth rib

15

What is the name of the space between the transverse process and the neck of the rib?

the costotransverse foramen

16

Which ligament "fills" the costotransverse foramen?

the inferior costotransverse ligament

17

What are the attachment sites for the lateral costotransverse ligament?

the non-articular surface of the tubercle of the rib and the transverse tubercle of the transverse process of the vertebra at that level

18

Which vertebrae will have an attachment for the lateral costotransverse ligament?

T1 - T11

19

Which vertebra will lack an attachment for the lateral costotransverse ligament?

T12

20

**Which vertebral couples of the thoracic spine have the greatest motion?

T11/T12 and T12/L1

21

Which range of motion is greatest for lower thoracic vertebral couples?

flexion - extension

22

Which range of motion is least for lower thoracic vertebral couples?

one side axial rotation

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