Flashcards in Day 17 Deck (25)
What are the classifications of scoliosis according to the Scoliosis Research Society?
magnitude, location, direction, etiology, structural scoliosis and non- structural scoliosis
What is often used to measure the magnitude of scoliosis?
the Cobb Method
What does location of scoliosis infer?
the location on the vertebral segment forming the apex of the curve deviation
What does direction of scoliosis refer to?
the side of convexity of the curve will bend toward
What does etiology of scoliosis mean?
the cause of the scoliosis
Based on age of onset, what are the types of idiopathic scoliosis?
infantile, juvenile, and adolescent
What is the age range for infantile idiopathic scoliosis?
from birth to 3 years old
What is the age range for juvenile idiopathic scoliosis?
from 3 years old to 10 years old
What is the age range for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis?
over 10 years old
Identify the curve direction, location, gender bias and incidence of infertile idiopathic scoliosis.
left thoracic, male, less than 1% incidence
Identify the curve direction, location, gender bias and incidence of juvenile idiopathic scoliosis.
right thoracic, females over 6 years old, 12%-21% incidence
Identify the curve direction, location, gender bias and incidence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
right thoracic or right thoracic and left lumbar, females, 80% incidence
What is the relationship between curve deviation, incidence, and curve worsening?
the greater the deviation, the lower the indigence, and the more likely to worsen
What is/are the characteristic(s) of cervicalization of occiput?
an increase in occipital bone size, formation of new or larger lines, on the occipital bone
What is/are the characteristic(s) of occipitalizaiton of C1?
the atlas may be partially or completely fused to the occiput
What is another way of implying occipitalization of C1?
What is/ are the characteristic(s) of dorsalization of C7?
the addition of a rib and changes in superior articular facet orientation are typical
What is the incidence of rib-related changes following dorsalization of C7?
from one-half to two and one-half percent of the population
What is the gender bias suggested in dorsailization of C7
What rib-related changes may accompany cervicalization of T1?
the first rib may decrease in mean relative length or become absent
What T1 facet orientation changes may accompany cervicalization?
the superior articular facet may change from back, upward, and lateral (BUL) to back, upward, and medial (BUM); the inferior articular facet is unchanged
What it the incidence of lumbar ribs in the population?
over 7% of the population demonstrates lumbar ribs
What L1 facet orientation changes may accompany dorsailzation?
the superior articular facet may change from concave, back, upward and medial (BUM) to flat, back, upward, and lateral (BUL); the inferior articular facet is unchanged
What is the gender bias associated with dorsailzation of L1?
males are two to three times more affected