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Spinal Anatomy Test 1 > Day 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 2 Deck (32):
0

What are the types of rounded osseous elevations?

Tubercle, protuberance, trochanter, tuber or tuberosity and malleolus

2

What are the categories of sharp osseous elevations?

Spine and process

3

What are the categories of osseous linear depressions?

Notch or incisure, groove, and sulcus

4

What are the categories of rounded osseous depressions?

The fovea and fossa

5

What is the definition of an osseous ostium?

A round or oval opening on the surface of bone

6

What is the definition of an osseous hiatus?

An irregular opening on the surface of bone

7

What is the name given to an ostium which does not completely penetrate through a region of bone but appears as a build-ended passageway?

Meatus

8

What is the definition of an osseous fissure?

An irregular slit-like or crack-like appearance between the surfaces of adjacent bones

9

What are the categories of osseous facets?

Flat facets and rounded facets

10

What are the categories of rounded osseous facets?

Articular heads and articular condyles

11

What are the categories of osseous depressions?

linear and rounded depressions

12

What are the names given to openings on the surface of bone?

ostium or orifice and hiatus

13

What is the definition of an osseous foramen?

an ostium passing completely through a thin region of bone

14

What is the definition of an osseous canal?

an ostium passing completely through a thick region of bone

15

What is the definition of an osseous condyle?

a knuckle-shaped surface on bone for osseous articulation

16

How many bones form the typical adult axial skeleton?

80 bones

17

What bones form the axial skeleton?

the skull, hyoid, vertebral column, sternum and ribs

18

What is the name given to the adult skull minus the mandible?

the cranium

19

What are the names given to the top of the adult skull?

the calvaria or calva

20

What are the categories of bone forming they typical adult skull?

the neurocranium, the facial skeleton (splanchocranium or visceral skelton) and the auditory ossicles

21

How many bones form the typical adult neurocranium?

8 bones

22

What is the facial skeleton (splanchnocranium or visceral skeleton)?

the bones that support the face

23

How many bones form the facial skeleton (splanchonocranium or visceral skeleton)?

14 bones

24

by strict definition, what is the splanchnocranium?

the bones that support the face minus the mandible

25

How many bones comprise the typical adult auditory ossicles?

6 bones

26

How many bones are present in the adult hyoid?

1 bone

27

What bones comprise the typical adult vertebral column or spinal column?

the cervical, thoracic, lumbar vertebrae and the sacrum and coccyx

28

What is the name given to the pre sacral region of the typical adult vertebral column or spinal column?

the spine

29

What is the total number of bones forming the typical adult spine?

24 bones

30

How many bones are present in the typical adult sternum?

1 bone

31

How many ribs are present in the typical adult skeleton?

12 pair or 24 ribs

32

What is the total number of bones forming the typical adult skull?

28 bones