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Spinal Anatomy Test 2 > Day 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 8 Deck (26):
1

What is the name given to T11?

the anticlinial vertebra

2

What is the outline of the vertebral body of T11 on superior view

kidney-shaped or reniform

3

What joint classifications are identified at the vertebral body of T11?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis, cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis and synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia) joint

4

Which ligament of the costocentral joint is absent for the eleventh rib?

the costocentral interarticular or intra-articular ligament

5

What part of the transverse process is absent present on T11?

the transverse costal facet

6

What ligaments form the costotransverse joint of T11?

the superior costotransverse, and slightly developed inferior costotransverse and lateral costotransverse ligaments

7

What muscles attach to the transverse process of T11?

longissimus thoracis
semispinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotator longs and rotator brevis
intertransversarii and levator costarum brevis

8

How many synovial joints are typically present at T11?

six

9

What muscles attach to the spinous process of T11?

trapezius, latissimus dorsi, serratus posterior inferior, iliocostalis lumborum, spinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotator longus, rotator brevis, and interspinalis

10

At what segments of the thoracic spine will the spinalis muscle not attach?

T9, T10

11

What is the outline of the vertebral body of T12 on superior view?

kidney-shaped or reniform

12

How many synovial joints are formed at the vertebral body of T12?

two

13

How many symphysis joints are formed with the vertebral body of T12?

two

14

How many syndesmosis joints are formed at the vertebral body of T12?

four are typically identified (as many as six if the costocentral stellate/radiate ligaments are included)

15

Which muscle(s) is attached to the vertebral body of T12?

psoas major and psoas minor

16

What does the superior tubercle of T12 represent?

the mammillary process of lumbar vertebrae

17

What does the inferior tubercle of T12 represent?

the accessory process of lumbar vertebrae

18

What ligaments from the costotransverse joint of the twelfth rib?

the superior costotransverse ligament from T11 and the lumbocostal ligament from L1

19

Which costotransverse ligament(s) lack an attachment to T12?

capsular costotransverse, superior costotransverse, inferior costotransverse and lateral costotransverse ligaments

20

What muscles attach to the transverse process region of T12?

the longissimus thoraces, semispinalis thoraces, multifidis, rotator longs, rotator brevis and intertransversarii

21

Which segment is the last to demonstrate a levator costarum brevis attachment?

T11

22

Which segment is the last to demonstrates a levator costarum longus attachment?

T10

23

What is the orientation of the superior articular facets of T12?

they face backward, upward, and lateral (BUL)

24

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facets of T12?

they face forward, downward, and lateral (FoLD)

25

How many synovial joints are typically present at T12?

six

26

What muscles attach to the spinous process of T12?

the trapezius, latissimus dorsi, serratus posterior inferior , iliocostalis lumborum, spinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotator longus, rotator brevis and interspinalis