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Flashcards in Drugs Deck (38)
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1

What is salbutamol?

B2 receptor agonist

2

What is terbutaline?

B2 receptor agonist

3

What is salmeterol?

Long acting Breceptor agonist

4

What is formoterol?

Long acting B2 receptor agonist

5

What is ipratropium?

Antimuscurinic

6

What is tiotropium?

Antimuscurinic

7

What is theophylline?

Xanthine

8

What is aminiophylline?

Xanthine

9

What do B2 receptor antagonists do?

Block sympathetic nervous system action on B2 receptors, cauing bronchial dilation

10

What do antimuscurinics do?

Block parasympathetic nervous system actions on muscurinic receptors, stopping bronchial constriction

11

What are indications of B2 receptor agonists?

Asthma

COPD

12

What are indications for anti-muscurinics?

Chronic asthma (stage 4)

COPD (symptomatic relief)

SHOULD NOT BE USED ALONE

13

What do xanthines do?

Cause bronchodilation

14

How is theophylline administered?

Oral

15

How is aminophylline administered?

Slow IV infusion

16

What are indications for xanthines?

Asthma (3rd line drug)

COPD

17

What is beclometasone?

Corticosteroid

18

What is budesonide?

Corticosteroid

19

What is prednisolone?

Corticosteroid

20

How is beclometasone administered?

Inhaled

21

How is budesonide administered?

Inhaled

22

How is prednisolone administered?

Oral

23

What do corticosteroids do?

Reduce inflammatory response in airways

Reduce oedema and mucus production in airways

Inhibit allergic reactions

24

What are indications for inhaled corticosteroids?

Stage 2 asthma

COPD (in combination with Leukotreine antagonist)

Hayfever

25

What are indications for oral corticosteroids?

Acute exacerbations of asthma/COPD

26

What is motelukast?

Leukatriene receptor antagonist

27

What is zafirlukast?

Leukotreine receptor antagonist

28

What do leukotreine receptor antagonists do?

Block effects of leukotrienes at receptors in the airways which decreases the early and late responses to allergens

Reduce bronchoconstriction, inflammation and mucus production

29

What are indications for leukatriene receptor antagonists?

Prophylaxis for non-acute asthma

30

What is rifampcin?

TB therapy