Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases Deck (40)
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1

Which does not have an increasing trend?
A. typhoid
B. poliomyelitis
C. cholera
D. AIDS

B

2

How did humans get infected with Lassa fever?

through animals who got displaced due to food search, right after deforestation or climate change

3

cause of Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome + identify if emerging/re-emerging

Sin Nombre Hantavirus
Emerging

4

usual reservoir host of Hantavirus

rodent

5

epidemic kidney disease c/o Puumala strain of Hantavirus

Nephropathia epidemica

6

Which is not a zoonosis?
A.Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
B.Ebola virus
C.Borrelia burgdorferi
D.Rubella virus

D

7

origin of SARS Coronavirus

Hong Kong

8

possible deliberate release of infectious agents by dissident individuals or terrorist groups

Bioterrorism

9

mechanism for combating int'l disease outbreaks, c/o WHO. ensure rapid deployment of technical assistance, contribute to long-term epidemic preparedness and capacity building

Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network

10

Family of Ebola virus

Filoviridae

11

True or False: Ebola virus has a chronic carrier state.

False. All its infections are acute.

12

Ebola virus was first discovered in the __

Democratic Republic of Congo

13

Which Ebola virus subspecies came from monkeys in the Philippines?

Reston virus

14

likely reservoir host of Ebola

bats

15

Which is not a mode of transmission for Ebola?
A.direct contact with blood of infected individual
B.close contact
C.nosocomial transmission
D.orofecal

D

16

Which is false?
A. Clinical diagnosis is difficult in newly infected persons due to non-specificity of organisms.
B. There is a drug against Ebola virus that is being sold in the market.
C. Most, if not all, Ebola cases are in Africa.

B

drug still on trial

17

Enumerate three barrier nurse techniques for Ebola prevention

PPE wearing
infection control measure use
isolation of Ebola HF patients from contact with unprotected persons

18

Which is the least accurate method of diagnosis for Ebola?
A. PCR
B. Virus isolation
C. ClInical
D. IgM ELISA

C

19

What does MERS-CoV stand for?

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus

20

genus of MERS-CoV

Betacoronavirus

21

former name of MERS-CoV

Novel coronavirus

22

MERS-CoV has strong tropism for what cells?

nonciliated bronchial epithelial cells

23

enumerate natural animal reservoir host of MERS-CoV

Egyptian tomb bat
Camels

24

MERS-CoV main mode of transmission

inhalational

25

genome of Ebola virus

negative single stranded RNA

26

How many structural proteins does Ebola virus have?

7

27

Enumerate immune system mediators of Ebola virus

antibody
FcR
C1q
lectin

28

causative agent of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome

Hantaan virus

29

Hantaan and Sin Nombre virus are types of __

Hantavirus

30

Which has higher mortality, Hantaan virus or Sin Nombre virus?

Sin Nombre