English Language Errors Flashcards Preview

Ω Knowledge Rehab Ω > English Language Errors > Flashcards

Flashcards in English Language Errors Deck (72)
1

Jennifer could care less about getting to the party on time.

Jennifer could not (couldn't) care less about getting to the party on time.

2

calender

calendar

3

Your so funny!

You're so funny!

Remember:

  • your: showing ownership; you own something (e.g. your jacket)
  • you're: you are (e.g. You're fired; You're my friend)

4

idiom

a figurative expression

  • Example: She's pulling my leg. (She is not literally pulling on your leg.)
  • The English language is estimated to have about 25,000 idioms

5

What is the difference between e.g. and i.e.?

e.g. is used when listing examples: "The supermarket had every kind of fruit you could want (e.g. apples, bananas, mangos, blueberries)."

i.e. is used for clarification of an idea: "The supermarket had green apples, i.e., a round fruit with a green exterior and a tart taste."

6

seperate

separate

7

affect / effect

  • affect: to influence
  • effect: a result

8

etc.

  • Literally means "and other things"
  • Full Latin spelling: et cetera
  • "The band members packed their instruments for the concert: trumpets, trombones, tubas, etc."

9

principal / principle

  • principal: primary
  • principle: a rule

10

col, com, con

together

  • collectively (all together)
  • communal (shared)
  • conjoined (stuck together)

11

inter

between or amongst

  • international (between nations)
  • intercede (to come between)

12

stationary / stationery

  • stationary: standing still
  • stationery: formal writing paper, envelopes

13

dis, dif

against or not

  • dislike (not like)
  • disconnected (not connected)
  • disarray (not in order)

14

allowed / aloud

  • allowed: permitted
  • aloud: out loud

15

For all intensive purposes, this is the same homework assignment Mr. Andrews gave us yesterday.

For all intents and purposes, this is the same homework assignment Mr. Andrews gave us yesterday.

16

ascent / assent

  • ascent: climb
  • assent: approval

17

acheive

achieve

18

anti

against

  • antibody (a protein that targets foreign agents in the body)
  • antithesis (a contrasting idea)

19

What is a conjunction?

a word that connects ideas

For example:

  • and
  • or
  • because
  • since

20

dissapoint

disappoint

21

pedal / petal / peddle

  • pedal: lever operated by one's foot
  • petal: leaves of a flower
  • peddle: to sell

22

Mark was suppose to pick up the pizza on his way home.

Mark was supposed to pick up the pizza on his way home.

23

trans

across, beyond, or to change

  • transform (to change in structure or composition)
  • transoceanic (beyond the ocean)

24

noticable

noticeable

25

their / there / they're

  • their: showing ownership
  • there: indicating direction
  • they're: they are

26

un

against, not, or opposite

  • unceasing (never ending)
  • unequal (not equal)

27

What is a noun?

a person, place, thing, or idea

Example nouns:

  • mailman
  • New York City
  • coffee
  • joy

28

to / too / two

  • to: a preposition that indicates direction or relationship
  • too: also, an excessive amount
  • two: the number "2"

29

pre

before

  • precede (to be earlier than)
  • precaution (care taken beforehand)

30

What is an adjective?

a describing word

Example adjectives:

  • smart
  • big
  • loud

31

bare / bear

  • bare: empty or uncovered.
  • bear: to handle or hold; the animals in the Ursidae family.

32

fourty

forty

33

Shelly use to play the drums.

Shelly used to play the drums.

34

in, im, il, ir

not, in/upon

  • not: irreplaceable, illegitimate
  • in/upon: impress, irradiate

35

recieve

receive

36

What is the correct usage of "who" and "whom"?

Use who when referring to the subject of the sentence. Whom is not used to refer to the subject.

Alternatively, you could think of it this way:

  • Who can be replaced by I, he, she, or theyWho can bring these groceries in the house? He can bring these groceries in the house.
  • Whom can be replaced by me, him, her, them. With whom am I speaking? You are speaking to him.

37

alot

a lot

38

ex

out of or away from

  • exhale (to breathe out)
  • extroversion (interest in one's surroundings)

39

What is a pronoun?

a word that replaces a noun

Example pronouns:

  • those
  • you
  • he
  • him
  • we
  • us

40

embarass

embarrass

41

weather / whether

  • weather: the climate condition outside
  • whether: an expression of choice

42

We flocked towards the exit when the alarm went off.

We flocked toward the exit when the alarm went off.

While toward is used in America and Canadian English, places otherthan North America more often use towards. However, this is not a definite rule both can be used according to preference.

43

ben

good or well

  • benign (not harmful)
  • benediction (a blessing)

44

What is a preposition?

a word that relates other words

Examples of prepositions:

  • in
  • on
  • with
  • for

45

appearence

appearance

46

dic, dict, dit

to say or speak

  • diction (way of speaking)
  • edict (a statement by an authority)

47

council / counsel

  • council: a group of advisors
  • counsel: to advise

48

concious

conscious

49

ensure / insure

  • ensure: to make certain
  • insure: to provide insurance, compensation in the face of an unforeseen event

50

definately

definitely

51

mal

bad or badly

  • malformation (bad structure)
  • malady (disease of the body)

52

foward

forward

53

medal / metal

  • medal: award worn around the neck
  • metal: shiny material

54

What is an adverb?

A word used to qualify another word such as a verb, adjective, or adverb.

Example adverbs:

  • really
  • quickly

55

occassion

occasion

56

chron

time

  • chronology (timeline)
  • chronic (lasting a long time)

57

it's / its

  • it's: it is
  • its: possession of something

58

persistant

persistent

59

dual / duel

  • dual: both; two parts
  • duel: a battle between two people

60

What is a verb?

an action word

Example verbs:

  • run
  • jump
  • sleep
  • eat
  • be
  • occur

61

lose / loose

  • lose: to be defeated
  • loose: not tight

62

prefered

preferred

63

farther / further

  • farther: a physical distance; "Are we almost home? How much farther?"
  • further: a metaphorical distance; "Do you have any further questions?"

64

What is an article?

An adjective that qualifies whether a noun is general or specific:

  • the chair (specific, or definite article)
  • a chair (general, or indefinite article)

65

than / then

  • than: a comparison word
  • then: indicating an order of events in time

66

ante

before

  • antebellum (before a war)
  • antecedent (one that precedes another)

67

What is an interjection?

A greeting or emotional exclamation

Example interjections:

  • Hello!
  • Wow!
  • Ew!
  • Ouch!

68

complement / compliment

  • complement: to go well together
  • compliment: a positive remark

69

uni

one

  • unicorn (mythical horse with one horn)
  • unanimous (of one mind)

70

A clause that has a subject, verb, and can stand alone as a sentence is called a(n) __________ clause.  (e.g. "Tom can sing.")

independent

  • "Tom can sing."
  • Tom is the subject
  • Sing is the verb
  • The sentence forms a complete idea

71

A clause that has a subject and a verb but does not express a complete idea (and therefore cannot stand alone as a sentence) is called a(n) __________ clause.  (e.g. "Since Tom can sing, ...")

subordinate / dependent

  • "Since Tom can sing..."
  • Tom is the subject
  • Sing is the verb
  • The sentence is not a complete idea (Since Tom can sing... what?)

72

What is the difference between active and passive voice?

In sentences written in the active voice, the subject and action come first and are clearly connected.- "Steve ate all the cookies."

In sentences written in the passive voice, the object of the action takes the position of the subject.- "All the cookies were eaten by Steve."