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Flashcards in Ethics Deck (7)
1

Define "ethics"

The study of what is morally right and morally wrong

2

What is meant by deontology (deontological ethics)?

Doing something because it is right and adheres to principles, irrespective of consequences
i.e. doing your "duty"

3

What is meant by consequentialism/utilitarianism?

Doing something because of the positive consequences it will bring
(increased wellbeing)

4

What is meant by communitarianism (community ethics)?

Doing something because it will be positive for everyone involved in the act

5

What is meant by virtue ethics?

Doing something because it is honest
Person-based rather than action-based

6

What is meant by religious ethics?

Doing something because it respects the value of human life + abides by individuals religious beliefs

7

What are the 4 main ethical principles defined by Beauchamp and Childress?

Autonomy (free will)
Beneficence (doing good for others)
Non-maleficence (do no harm)
Justice (fair distribution of benefits/risks/costs)