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Flashcards in Ethics Deck (38)
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1

Define Ethics

generic term for various ways of understanding and examining the moral life

2

Define Morality

refers to norms about right and wrong human conduct that form a stable social consensus

3

Define Professional Morality

standards of conduct acknowledged by those in a profession who are serious about their moral responsibilities

4

Define Respect for Autonomy

respecting the decision making capacity of an autonomous individual

5

Define Nonmaleficence

Do no harm

6

Beneficence

Provide benefits to individuals- balancing risks vs. costs

7

Define Justice

A group of norms for distributing benefits, is and costs fairly

8

Utilitarianism

Consequence based theory
Asserts one should ALWAYS aim to produce the maximal positive value over disvalue based on the consequences of actions

9

Kantianism (Deontological)

Obligation based theory
Some intrinsic property of the ACTION make it right or wrong (people are to be used as an end and never as a means`)

10

Liberal Individualism

Rights based theory
Provide protections of life, liberty, and expression

11

Communitarianism

Community based theory
Considers everything fundamental comes from communal values (common good, social goals, traditional practices and cooperative values)

12

Autonomy

Providing the patient advice and differing options and allowing them to choose

13

Define paternalism

Acting in a way that is believed to protect or advance the interest of a person, even if acting in this way goes against the person's own immediate desires or limits the person's freedom of choice

14

States paternalism

Control exerted by legislature, agency, or some other governmental body

15

Parts of an informed consent

The patient must be competent
Provided relevant info in an understandable form
Free to make decision without coercion

16

Define withdrawing

Removing treatment that has already begun

17

Define with-holding

Not providing treatment

18

Beneficence

Moral obligation to act for the benefit of others
Limited to balancing probable outcomes of actions (benefits, harm, costs to achieve highest net benefit)

19

Rules of beneficence

Protect and defend the rights of others
Prevent harm from occurring to others
Remove conditions that will cause harm to others
Help persons with disabilities
Rescue persons in danger

20

Costs

Sacrifices in the attempt to reach some important objective

21

Risk

Possible occurrence of something deemed harmful and he actual chance it may occur

22

Benefit

Something of positive value, such as life or improved quality of life

23

Define Justice

Obligations are limited to fundamental needs

24

Principles for distributive justice

To each person: an equal share, according to need, according to effort, according to contribution, according to merit, according to free-market exchange

25

Fair Opportunity Rule

Persons with functional disabilities lack capacity and need health care to reach a higher level of function and have a fair chance in life

26

Orgon Health Plan

Designed to ensure that all citizens with a family income below the federal poverty income would receive a decent minimum of health care coverage

27

Risk factors of impaired providers

Dealing with life/death situations, difficult patients, very sick patients (high stress)
Busy/demanding work load
Pressure to bring in the dollars
Easy access to drugs
Held to higher behavioral standards
Family history of substance abuse
Self-treatment of pain, sleep patterns, emotional disorders
Chronic fatigue

28

Impairments of Impaired providers

Extreme fatigue
Burnout
Emotional distress
Mental illness
Physical illness
Alcohol or drug abuse
Behavioral problems

29

The 6 I's

Irritability
Irresponsibility
Inaccessibility
Inability
Isolation
Incidentals

30

Irritability

Mood swings, negative attitude, being argumentative, inappropriate anger, over reaction to criticism, verbal altercations with patients or staff, distinct personality changes