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Flashcards in Exam Two - PPT2 Deck (92)
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1

Lumbar Gravity Line is creates by locating the center of _____ and dropping a line.

L3 body

2

If the Lumbar Gravitational Line passes 1 cm in front of the tip of the sacrum to 1 cm posterior to tip of the sacrum, it is __________

Normal

3

If the Lumbar Gravitational Line falls forward of the sacrum, there is ________ _______ _________

Anterior weight bearing (discs)

4

If the Lumbar Gravitational Line falls behind, the lumbar spine has _________ __________ ___________.

Posterior weight bearing (Facets)

5

Predental space should be up to _______ in adults

3mm

6

Predental Space should be up to _______ in children

5mm

7

Increased distance of Predental Space may indicate...

Fracture of odontoid to transverse ligament injury

8

Atlas Dens Interval (ADI)

AKA

Predental Space

9

Cervical Gravitational Line is created by locating the center of the tip of the __________ __________, then dropping it.

Odontoid Process

10

Cervical Gravitational Line is normal if the line goes through ___________

Any part of the body of C-7 vertebra

11

Risser Sign AKA

Iliac Epiphysis Sign

Apophysis Sign

12

Risser Sign checks for what?

Bone maturity (maturation)

13

Crest of Ilium begins maturing at the age of ______

About 16

14

Crest of the ilium maturation is complete in _____ years

Average 2 years

7months - 3.5 years

15

The whiter the part on the on the X-ray, the thicker or denser the structure is refered to as __________

Radiopague

16

The darker the part on the object, the less dense it is and is known as ___________

Radiolucent

17

The 5 densities seen on X-rays
1) ______ -blackish
2) ______-Dark gray
3)_____ light gray
4) _____Whitish
5)_____ bright white

1)Air
2)fat
3) water
4) bone
5) metal

18

The long upright pyramid is AKA _________, which extends from the tip of the odontoid process of C-2 to the inferior aspect of the vertebral body of L-5

1st general pyramid

19

The short inverted pyramid AKA _____ extends from the base of the sacrum to the tip of the coccyx

2nd general pyramid

20

Inside the first general pyramid there are ______ smaller pyramids

Three

21

What are the three smaller pyramids that are inside the first general pyramid?

Upright pyramid- at tip of odontoid process to the bottom of T-1
Inverted pyramid- bottom of T-1 to the bottom of L-5
Upright pyramid- bottom of T-5 to the bottom of L-5

22

Together there are _____ total pyramids. _____ General and the ______ smaller ones

5; 2; 3

23

A _____ is a normal anterior to posterior bending of the spinal column

Curve

24

The foot may ______ or ______. This will affect the knees, hips and spine

Pronate (turn out) or Supinate (turn in)

25

What are the two types of curves in the spine?

Anterior and posterior curves

26

_______ curve that apexes or has the convexity toward the anterior (concavity toward the back)

Anterior curve

27

________ curve that apexes or has the convexity toward the posterior (concavity faces front)

Posterior curve

28

Anterior curves are AKA _________ curves
Posterior curves are AKA _________ curves

Lordotic curves (cervical and lumbar)
Kyphotic curves (Thoracic, sacral, coccyx)

29

At birth, the body has _____ curve

1 posterior C-shaped primary curve

30

How do the secondary curves develop in the child?

Secondary curves develop as the child begins to move its body against gravity