Face and Neck Trauma Flashcards Preview

Paramedic COPY > Face and Neck Trauma > Flashcards

Flashcards in Face and Neck Trauma Deck (76):
1

The orbits

Done shaped fossae that enclose and protect the eyes

2

The orbits

Done shaped fossae that enclose and protect the eyes

3

The orbits

Done shaped fossae that enclose and protect the eyes

4

Blowout Fracture

Fracture to orbital floor results in transmission of forces away from the eyeball itself

5

The nose

One of two primary entry points for oxygen rich air

6

Paranasal Sinuses

Lined with mucous membranes that decrease weight of skull and provide resonance for voice

7

Hyoid Bone

Floats in the superior aspect of the neck just below the mandible

8

Sclera

White of the eyes

9

Cornea

Transparent covering of the eye

10

Conjuctiva

Covers sclera and internal surfaces of eye

11

Iris

Color of eye

12

Maxilla Fracture

Suspect closed head injury, airway compromise

13

Anterior Chamber

Filled with aqueous humor a clear watery fluid between lens and the cornea

14

Posterior chamber

Between iris and lens filled with vitreous humor jellylike substance that maintains shape of eye

15

Blowout Fracture

Fracture to orbital floor results in transmission of forces away from the eyeball itself

16

The nose

One of two primary entry points for oxygen rich air

17

Paranasal Sinuses

Lined with mucous membranes that decrease weight of skull and provide resonance for voice

18

Hyoid Bone

Floats in the superior aspect of the neck just below the mandible

19

Sclera

White of the eyes

20

Cornea

Transparent covering of the eye

21

Conjuctiva

Covers sclera and internal surfaces of eye

22

Iris

Color of eye

23

Maxilla Fracture

Suspect closed head injury, airway compromise

24

Anterior Chamber

Filled with aqueous humor a clear watery fluid between lens and the cornea

25

Posterior chamber

Between iris and lens filled with vitreous humor jellylike substance that maintains shape of eye

26

Ear

External, middle, internal

27

Pinna

Outside cartilage of ear

28

Occlusive dressing

Tracheal neck wound

29

Cochlea

Shell shaped structure in inner ear to vibrate and contains fluid to sense balance

30

Blowout Fracture

Fracture to orbital floor results in transmission of forces away from the eyeball itself

31

The nose

One of two primary entry points for oxygen rich air

32

Paranasal Sinuses

Lined with mucous membranes that decrease weight of skull and provide resonance for voice

33

Hyoid Bone

Floats in the superior aspect of the neck just below the mandible

34

Diffuse axonal injury

Stretching of tissue of brain and the brain twists especially at brainstem causing compression and tension of stem when twisting

35

Cornea

Transparent covering of the eye

36

Epidural Hematoma

Accumulation of blood between skull and dura mater
Result of blow to the head

37

Iris

Color of eye

38

Maxilla Fracture

Suspect closed head injury, airway compromise

39

Flexion injuries

Neck moving forward in collision
More prevalent cause of injury.
-collars prevent movement down

40

Posterior chamber

Between iris and lens filled with vitreous humor jellylike substance that maintains shape of eye

41

Spinal Cord concussion

Temporary contusion lasting 24-48 hours of paralysis

42

Pinna

Outside cartilage of ear

43

C 5

Keeps the diaphragm alive
Dermatone for the respiratory tract

44

Cochlea

Shell shaped structure in inner ear to vibrate and contains fluid to sense balance

45

LE Fort Fractures

One Two and a Three
One is low on maxilla
Two is pyramid through orbits
Three is across orbits

46

Dipllopia

Double vision

47

Hyphema

Bleeding into anterior chamber and often follows blunt trauma

48

Eurogenic Shock Assesment

Vessels below injury dilate and have terrible blood pressure but red skin and look perfumed

49

Retinal Detachement

Separation of inner layers of retina from underlying retina

50

Assess Eyes for

Orbital Rim
Eyelids
Corneas
Conjuctiva
Globes
Pupils
Eye Movements
Visual Acuity

51

Management

Never exert pressure on or manipulate injured globe
If part of globe is exposed: apply moist sterile dressing to prevent drying
Cover eye with metal shield, cup or dressing. Apply soft dressings to both eyes and prompt transport

52

Sympathetic Eye Movement

Movement of both eyes in unison

53

Ruptured Eardrum

Perforation of the tympanic membrane can result from blows strong enough that could possible rupture other hollow organs such as lungs

54

CSF

Can be tested with glucometer

55

Pinna avulsion

Partially avulsed: realign ear and then bandage with moist dressing
Completely avulsed: retrieve avulsed part, saline moistened gauze and place in plastic bag then put bag on ice

56

Bulky dressing

Laceration to neck

57

Sprain

Stretch of muscle

58

Strain

Tear of muscle

59

Esophageal Perfoartion

Can result in mediastinitis, an inflammation of the mediastinum due to leakage of gastric contents into thoracic cavity

60

Bulky dressing

Laceration to neck

61

Sprain

Stretch of muscle

62

Strain

Tear of muscle

63

Esophageal Perfoartion

Can result in mediastinitis, an inflammation of the mediastinum due to leakage of gastric contents into thoracic cavity

64

Partial pressure of brain with head injuries

Hyperventilate shifts oxygen disassociation curve yielding less oxygen to tissue and more to the fluid causing decrease in ICP. Oxygen causes vasoconstriction which decreases fluid in the head

65

Diffuse shearing

Tearing of the brain

66

Epidural Hematoma

Accumulation of blood between skull and dura mater

67

Subdural Hematoma

Under occipital

68

Avulsion

Devolving of tissue

69

Flexion injuries

Neck moving forward in collision

70

Extension

Whiplash injuries going backwards

71

Cord Laceration

Bone or projectile enters spinal cord. Once transacted it is gone forever

72

Anterior Cord syndrome

Loss of movement of extremities

73

Posterior cord syndrome

Loss of sensation of extremities

74

Cauda Equina Syndrme

Located at base of spine (tail bone) where the Nerves began to separate into smaller nerves

75

Brown Sequard Syndrome

Partial direction of cord. Loss of sensation of one half and loss of movement of one side of the body

76

Trauma in water

Board patient in water.
Board is buoyant on water