Flashcards in Fats 'n such Deck (62)
What is the energy per gram of fats?
What is the most abundant lipid in the body?
Monounsaturated fats are from what foods?
Olive oil, avocado, canola oil
omega 6 FAs are from what foods?
Corn, soy, sunflower
omega 3 FAs are from what foods?
Oily ocean fish, flax seed
Monounsaturated FAs have what major effect on health?
omega 6 are important in what?
omega 3 are important in what?
What is the enzyme that breaks down lipids in the stomach? Duodenum?
What percent of fat is absorbed?
Which type of FAs are water soluble, SCT, MCT or LCT? What is the consequence of this?
Do not need bile salts thus can give them to pts without gallbladder
SCFAs come from where in our diet?
By bacteria in the gut
What is the transporter for FAs in the blood? What are the organs involved in their life cycle?
Liver and adipose tissue
What is the major health effect of the inability to absorb fat?
Fat soluble vitamin deficiency
What is the role of LDL, IDL, and VLDL?
Carry cholesterol to tissues
What is the role of HDL?
Returns cholesterol and lipids back to liver
What is the cause of defective chylomicron synthesis?
apo B 48 protein
What is Chyluria?
Abnormal connection between UT and lymphatic drainage
What is chylothorax?
Connection b/t pleural space and lymphatic drainage of intestines
What is the common pathway for FAs degradation?
Acetyl-Coa goes where?
Propionyl-Coa goes where?
Changes to succinyl coa to Krebs
What is the recommended intake of total fat?
What is the recommended intake of LC saturated FAs?
What is the recommended intake of omega 6?
What is the recommended intake of omega 3
1-2 g per day
Linoleic acid accounts for what percent of omega 6 FAs in the western diets?
Deficiencies in linoleic acids causes what?
Dry scaly skin, rash
Deficiencies in *alpha* linoleic acids causes what?