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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (65)
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1

What does long term forward neck posture lead to?

Long term muscle strain
disc herniation
Pinched nerves

2

For every inch of forward head posture, the weight of the head increases by _____.

10 lbs

3

Loss of cervical curve stretches the spinal cord _______cm and can cause _____.

5-7
disease

4

90% of stimulation and nutrition to the brain is generated by:

movement of the spine

5

Forward head posture will rob energy from your brain, causing problems in:

Thinking
Metabolism
Immune System
Proprioception

6

Some diseases caused by long term forward neck posture:

Lung and CV diseases, as well as GI

7

A neuron is composed of:

Soma
Perikarion
Dendrites
Axon

8

Other name for myelin

Neurilemma

9

2 nerves involved in a synapse is called a ______, while more than 2 nerves involved is called a ______.

Monosynapse
Polysynapse

10

Nerve impulses from periphery nerves to the CNS. Mostly sensory

Afferent nerves

11

Nerve impulses from the CNS to the periphery nerves . Mostly motor

Efferent Nerves

12

Network of interconnecting neurons connecting the afferent and efferent nerves

Interneurons

13

Medulla Spinalis, AKA

Spinal cord

14

Where does the spinal cord begin and end?

Begins at the foramen magnum, ends at the conus medularis

15

2 major enlargements in the spine

cervical and lumbar

16

largest of the 2 enlargements

cervical

17

Cervical enlargement runs from __-__. Gives rise to the _____ plexus. THe largest circumference is located at _____.

C4-T1
brachial
C5/6.

18

Lumbar enlargement runs from __-__. Gives rise to the _____ and _____ plexus, and the ____ ____.
Largest circumference is at _____.

T9-L2 (conus medularis is)
Lumbar and sacral plexus and the Cauna Equina
T12

19

Nerve cell bodies outside the CNS

Ganglion

20

Nerve cell bodies inside the IVF

Dorsal root ganglion

21

Nerve C1 arises between ____ and ____.

occiput and atlas

22

Nerve C8 arises between ___and ___

C7 and T1

23

Other than C-1 or C-8, where do all other nerves arise from?

Below their respective vertebra

24

Purpose of the meningies

To surround, protect, and stabilize the CNS

25

The 3 layers of meningies consists of:

Dura Mater
Arachnoid
Pia Mater

26

Space that contains fat, loose CT, and extensive epidural venous plexus (Batson's Plexus)

Epidural space

27

The Dura Mater is very _____ (weak/tough) and continues to ____. Is attaches to the posterior aspect of the ____ ____ of __ (location). It also attaches to the PLL by means of ____ _____.

S-2
Tough
foramen magnum of C2/C3
Hoffman's ligaments

28

Very small potential space between the dura mater and arachnoid. Has interstitial fluid.

Subdural space

29

Meningial layer. Middle layer, spider like. Completely avascular. Continues to S2

Arachnoid

30

Space between Pia mater and arachnoid that cerbrospinal fluid

Subarachnoid space