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Flashcards in Food & Drink Deck (111)
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1

What small, seed-like grain is popular today with vegans and vegetarians, and is commonly used in cold salads or as a hot side dish?

quinoa

2

A ______ is an edible ingredient that is added last to a dish to make it more attractive to the eye (e.g., nuts or parsley).

garnish

3

How are white and red wines made differently?

When making white wine, grapes are pressed and the juice is fermented. When making red wine, the juice and grapes are fermented together.

White wine is typically lighter in body and fruity in flavor. Red wine is heavier and darker, with a bold, dry taste.

4

What large, green leaves have a powerful yet pleasant aroma and pair well with tomatoes, fresh mozzerella, and olive oil?

basil

5

To brown the exterior of meat or fish by subjecting it to a very high heat surface for a short period of time is to ______ it.

sear

6

What is the name for a cold, emulsified condiment made from eggs, vinegar, and oil?

aioli

Similar commercial versions are commonly called mayonnaise.

7
What is the correct way to make the following drink:

Martini

  • 1 1/2 oz. gin (or vodka)
  • 1/2 oz. dry vermouth
  • Lemon peel or olive

8
What is the correct way to make the following drink:

Pina Colada

  • 1 1/2 oz. golden rum
  • 1 1/2 oz. coconut cream
  • 4 oz. pineapple juice
  • 4-5 ice cubes
  • pineapple chunks
  • cherry

9

What is the name for pods of soybeans that are blanched, salted, and served as an appetizer?

edamame

10

What is the portion of meat from the beef tenderloin that is boneless, lean, and very tender?

filet mignon

11

What thick, fermented dairy product is made from curdled milk?

yogurt

12

Which small green bud is often served pickled or salted, as a condiment with olive oil and herbs?

capers

13

What dish is typically served as an hors d'oeuvre and consists of harvested fish eggs?

caviar

14

Which medium-sized legume is popular around the world, and is the main ingredient in hummus?

chickpea

15

What spicy pork sausage is a specialty of Spanish and Mexican cuisines?

chorizo

16

What is the name of thickened cream that is slightly thinner than sour cream and is a traditional ingredient in French cuisine?

creme fraiche

17

What leafy vegetable has two varieties, one with small, yellowish shoots that form a tight head similar to romaine lettuce, and the other that has a white core with small, spiny leaves?

endive

18

What delicacy of French cuisine is actually fattened liver of a goose or duck, and is typically eaten with a sweet or sour accompaniment?

foie gras

19

Which plant is known for its distinctive, pungent smell and aroma, and is fundamental in many dishes and cuisines?

garlic

20

What staple in Japanese cuisine is a salty, fermented paste made from rice, barley, or soybeans, and is used to flavor soups, sauces, and condiments?

miso

21

What is the name for seaweed that has been dried and pressed, and is commonly used to wrap sushi?

nori

22

Which small edibile seeds of a coniferous tree are usually roasted in the oven or sauteed in a pan, and found in recipes such as basil pesto?

pine nuts

23

What salted Italian ham is popular for its saltiness and is commonly served thinly sliced with cheese or something sweet?

prosciutto

24

What ingredient is actually fish eggs that are commonly eaten raw, salted or cured, smoked, or air dried?

roe

25

What mild relative of the onion family is long, tube-shaped, and green, and is often used as a garnish that gives dishes a fresh, crisp flavor?

scallion

26

What food is actually glands of an animal such as lamb, veal, or piglet?

sweetbreads

27

Pasta that is cooked just until enough resistance is left to be felt by the tooth is said to be served ______.

al dente

28

What acidic liquid results from fermentation of ingredients such as wine or rice, and is a popular condiment used to "cut through" or "balance" the flavors of a dish?

vinegar

29

Which sour Japanese citrus fruit is more sour than lemons and limes and is used to flavor dishes, sauces, and drinks?

yuzu

30

What edible fungi grows underground and has been considered a delicacy dating back to Ancient Egypt due to its exclusivity, incomparable flavor, and unique aroma?

truffles