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Flashcards in Fungi Deck (62)
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1

What is mycelium

Mass of connected hyphae

2

What is found in fungal cell walls?

Chitin

3

Where is chitin also found

Exoskeletons of Arthropods

4

What part of mushrooms do we eat

Reproductive part

5

Why are fungi important

They break down cellulose

6

What do carnivorous fungi break down?

Protein

7

Why do fungi kill bacteria

Arms race to decompose

8

Why is it hard to kill fungi in humans?

They are eukaryotic just like humans

9

What does yeast ferment?

Carbohydrates

10

What can you infer about an area with few lichen?

The area is polluted

11

What do ruminants break down?

Cellulose

12

What do ruminants have in their guts that help them break down cellulose

Fungi

13

What kind of relationship do leafcutters have with fungi?

Mutualistic

14

How many nucleus can a hyphae have?

More than one

15

What does monokaryotic mean?

1 nucleus

16

Dikaryotic meaning

2 nucleus

17

Heterokaryotic meaning

Nuclei from different individual

18

Homokaryotic meaning

Nuclei genetically similar

19

What is unusual about fungi mitosis

Cell is not relevant unit of reproduction

Nuclear envelope does not breakdown and reform

Spindle apparatus is formed within it

20

What type of cells are spores?

Haploid

21

How do spores form multicellular haploid individuals?

Through mitosis

22

How is mycorrhizae formed?

Roots of plant connect with underground parts of fungus

23

How does mycorrhizae aid the survival of both fungus and plants

They exchange nutrients and water

24

What does myco mean in Greek

Fungus

25

What does rhizo mean in Greek

Root

26

What do ectomycorrhizae depend on?

Fungi enveloping on roots in sheath and Hattie net of hyphae that extends into roots between cells

27

Glomeromycete fungi form vesicular interactions with what?

Arbuscular mycorrhiza

28

What is the body of a lichen called?

Thallus

29

How is a thallus (body of a lichen) formed of?

Hyphae wrapped around photosynthetic partner

30

What do lichen produce?

Soredia