Flashcards in Fungi Deck (62)
What is mycelium
Mass of connected hyphae
What is found in fungal cell walls?
Where is chitin also found
Exoskeletons of Arthropods
What part of mushrooms do we eat
Why are fungi important
They break down cellulose
What do carnivorous fungi break down?
Why do fungi kill bacteria
Arms race to decompose
Why is it hard to kill fungi in humans?
They are eukaryotic just like humans
What does yeast ferment?
What can you infer about an area with few lichen?
The area is polluted
What do ruminants break down?
What do ruminants have in their guts that help them break down cellulose
What kind of relationship do leafcutters have with fungi?
How many nucleus can a hyphae have?
More than one
What does monokaryotic mean?
Nuclei from different individual
Nuclei genetically similar
What is unusual about fungi mitosis
Cell is not relevant unit of reproduction
Nuclear envelope does not breakdown and reform
Spindle apparatus is formed within it
What type of cells are spores?
How do spores form multicellular haploid individuals?
How is mycorrhizae formed?
Roots of plant connect with underground parts of fungus
How does mycorrhizae aid the survival of both fungus and plants
They exchange nutrients and water
What does myco mean in Greek
What does rhizo mean in Greek
What do ectomycorrhizae depend on?
Fungi enveloping on roots in sheath and Hattie net of hyphae that extends into roots between cells
Glomeromycete fungi form vesicular interactions with what?
What is the body of a lichen called?
How is a thallus (body of a lichen) formed of?
Hyphae wrapped around photosynthetic partner