GD: Lab Tests Flashcards Preview

NBCE Part II/III > GD: Lab Tests > Flashcards

Flashcards in GD: Lab Tests Deck (53):
1

Acid Phosphatase (PAP)

+ Prostatic Carcinoma

2

Albumin/Globulin (A/G) Ratio

Reversed = MM
increased G = bone issue, like MM
decreased A = liver problem

3

Alkaline Phosphatase

+ Osteoblastic lesions, Hepatic Disease, HPT

4

Amylase

+ Acute Pancreatitis

5

ANA (FANA)

Collagen Disease - SLE, Scleroderma

6

Antistreptolysin - O (ASO) Titer

+ Rheumatic Fever, Acute Glomerulonephritis

7

Bilirubin

+ Direct: Hepatitis, Duct Obstruction
+ Indirect: Hemolytic Disease

8

BUN

+ Renal disease, dehydration, UTI, hypotension
- Hepatic disease, pregnancy

9

Calcium

+ Muscle weakness, hyperparathyroidism, Hypervitaminosis D, METs
- Muscle tetany; Chvostcks Sign, renal failure, malnutrition

10

CPK (Creatine Phospokinase)

CK BB: Brain Tissue
CK MB: Myocardial Tissue
CK MM: Skeletal Muscle
+ Muscle Necrosis

11

Creatinine

+ kidney disease, hypovolemic shock
- muscular dystrophies

12

C-Reactive Protein (CRP)

+ Tissue Necrosis, infections, RA

13

ELISA

AIDS screening test

14

ESR

+ infection, RA, TB, Temporal Arteritis, MM
- SC anemia, polycythemia

15

FTA

Syphillis

16

Glucose (blood)

+ DM, Cushings, renal/liver disease
- insulin overdose, Addison's, starvation

17

Glucose (csf)

- Meningitis, acute pyogenic infections

18

GGT

Liver cell dysfunction and alcohol induced liver disease

19

GTT

Diabetes testing

20

Glycosylated Hemoglobin

Tests ability to utilize glucose over 2-3 month period

21

Heterophile (Paul Bunnel)

+ Mono, Viral meningitis

22

HCG

+ Hydatidiform mole, Choriocarcinoma, Seminoma, multiple pregnancy, testicular teratoma
- ectopic pregnancy, threatened abortion

23

HLA - B27

PEAR (Psoriatic, AS, Reiters, Enteropathic)
6th chromosome marker from birth

24

HDL

Happy Cholesterol
+/- low/high risk of coronary disease

25

I-131 Uptake

THYROID
+ Hyperthyroidism, endemic goiter
- Hypothyroidism, thyroid cancer

26

Immunoelectrophoresis

M-spike = MM

27

Ketones

Diabetic acidosis, starvation

28

Lactic Dehydrogenase (LDH)

+ MI, CHF, muscular dystrophy
- cancer therapy

29

Lipase

+ Acute pancreatitis

30

Lipids (cholesterol)

+ early starvation, DM
- late starvation, liver disease

31

Lipids (triglycerides)

+ hyperlipidemia, DM, atherosclerosis
- Cirrhosis, malabsorption

32

LE Cell

Active SLE

33

Phosphorus

+ Acromegaly, kidney disease, hypERvitaminosis D
- Rickets, hyp0vitaminosis D, hyperparathyroidism

34

Protein

+ MM, diabetic acidosis
- Liver disease, kidney syndromes

35

Protein (CSF)

+ Viral meningitis

36

Prothrombin Time

+: Vit K def, hepatocellular disease

37

RA Latex

+: RA, SLE, TB, CX, Sjogren's, Still's

38

SGOT/AST

+ MI, liver conditions, muscular dystrophy

39

SGPT/ALT

+ Hepatitis, MI

40

T3 (Triiodothyronine) / T4 (Thyroxine)

+ Hyperthyroidism, pregnancy
- Cirrhosis, hypothyroid

41

TPI

Syphillis

42

VDRL

Serologic screening for Syphillis

43

Uric Acid

+ Gout, Renal Failure

44

Western Blot

SPECIFIC AIDS test

45

UA: Bilirubin

Norm: none
(+) hepatic disease / biliary obstruction

46

UA: Blood

Norm: none
(+): tumor, trauma, infection, hpt, kidney problems

47

UA: Casts

Hyaline: norm
Epithelial: tubular damage
RBC: glomerulonephritis
WBC: pyelonephritis
Waxy: nephrosis + renal failure

48

UA: Urobilinogen

Norm: .1-1 El unit/mL
(+) hemolytic / hepatic disease
(-) biliary obstruction

49

UA: Protein

Norm: none
(+) kidney issues, DM, MM, toxic pregnancy

50

UA: Ketones

Norm: none
(+) starvation, DM, wt loss diets

51

UA: Glucose

Norm: none
(+) DM, shock,

52

UA: specific gravity

Norm: 1.01-1.03
(+) bacterial infection, DM, kidney issues

53

UA: pH

Norm: 4-8