Flashcards in General Science Deck (27)
They are necessary for the body’s maintenance, growth, and repair.
Boiling point of water
212 degrees water boils at 212 degrees on the Fahrenheit scale at sea level. On the Celsius scale, water boils at 100 degrees.
The process by which animals convert oxygen into carbon dioxide and water is called respiration. The reverse process, by which plants convert carbon dioxide and water into sugar and oxygen is called photosynthesis
Carry blood from capillaries toward the heart.
Carry blood away from the heart
Are the lower chambers of the heart
Red blood cells
Are the component of blood that carries oxygen
Iron forms rust
Iron forms rust when water turns iron and oxygen into iron oxide, this is the chemical process
Type O negative is the universal donor, which means that type O negative blood can be given to anybody without an adverse reaction
Blood enters the right atrium of the heart from the vena cava
The more basic a substance is the higher the pH.
Of the various digestive organs, the small intestine does the most work in breaking the food down into usable nutrients. Food is broken down completely by enzymes produced in the walls of the small intestine, in the pancreas, and in the liver
In the male reproductive system, the tested produce sperm. In the female reproductive system during ovulation, an egg, or ovum is released from the ovary and begins to travel through the oviduct and into the uterus
Is defined as the most basic unit of inheritance
Is the combination of alleles that codes for a particular trait
The physical expression of a particular genotype
Tightly coiled strands of DNA that contain multiple genes
Which is derived from clay sediments, is an example of sedimentary rock
Known as a producer or self-feeder because it can produce its own food
Is a decomposer
Relies on other organisms to be its food,
Feeds on decaying flesh
Rocks formed from the cooling of lava and include obsidian, granite, basalt, and others
The earth lies between the moon and the sun
A lunar eclipse happens when the moon passes through the earths shadow. This means the earth lies between the moon and the sun
One hundredth of a meter
The prefix centi—indicated hundredth. One thousandth of a meter is called millimeter, 10 meters is a decanters and 100 meters is a hectometer
Visible light is composed of different colors each with a different frequency. Red has the lowest frequency, and violet has the highest frequency