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Flashcards in General Science Deck (27)
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1

Proteins

They are necessary for the body’s maintenance, growth, and repair.

2

Boiling point of water

212 degrees water boils at 212 degrees on the Fahrenheit scale at sea level. On the Celsius scale, water boils at 100 degrees.

3

Respiration

The process by which animals convert oxygen into carbon dioxide and water is called respiration. The reverse process, by which plants convert carbon dioxide and water into sugar and oxygen is called photosynthesis

4

Veins

Carry blood from capillaries toward the heart.

5

Arteries

Carry blood away from the heart

6

Ventricles

Are the lower chambers of the heart

7

Red blood cells

Are the component of blood that carries oxygen

8

Iron forms rust

Iron forms rust when water turns iron and oxygen into iron oxide, this is the chemical process

9

O negative

Type O negative is the universal donor, which means that type O negative blood can be given to anybody without an adverse reaction

10

Vena cava

Blood enters the right atrium of the heart from the vena cava

11

Ammonia

The more basic a substance is the higher the pH.

12

Small intestine

Of the various digestive organs, the small intestine does the most work in breaking the food down into usable nutrients. Food is broken down completely by enzymes produced in the walls of the small intestine, in the pancreas, and in the liver

13

Tested

In the male reproductive system, the tested produce sperm. In the female reproductive system during ovulation, an egg, or ovum is released from the ovary and begins to travel through the oviduct and into the uterus

14

Gene

Is defined as the most basic unit of inheritance

15

Genotype

Is the combination of alleles that codes for a particular trait

16

Phenotype

The physical expression of a particular genotype

17

Chromosomes

Tightly coiled strands of DNA that contain multiple genes

18

Shale

Which is derived from clay sediments, is an example of sedimentary rock

19

Autotroph

Known as a producer or self-feeder because it can produce its own food

20

Saprotroph

Is a decomposer

21

Hetereotroph

Relies on other organisms to be its food,

22

Scavenger

Feeds on decaying flesh

23

Igneous

Rocks formed from the cooling of lava and include obsidian, granite, basalt, and others

24

The earth lies between the moon and the sun

A lunar eclipse happens when the moon passes through the earths shadow. This means the earth lies between the moon and the sun

25

One hundredth of a meter

The prefix centi—indicated hundredth. One thousandth of a meter is called millimeter, 10 meters is a decanters and 100 meters is a hectometer

26

Violet

Visible light is composed of different colors each with a different frequency. Red has the lowest frequency, and violet has the highest frequency

27

Monera

The kingdom is considered the most primitive kingdom because
It’s organisms are prokaryotic —that is there cells lack nuclei