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Flashcards in GU Cancer Deck (65)
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61

Risk Factors of Wilms Tumor

Mutated, damaged, missing gene
WAGR syndrome
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome
Boys with Deny-Drash syndrome
Family history

62

Presentation of Wilms Tumor

Parent may notice large lump or mass in child's abdomen
Hematuria
HTN
Anemia
Fatigue
Fever that won't go away

63

Diagnosis of Wilms Tumor

UA
Ultrasound
CT scan
Surgical biopsy
Chromosome test

64

Staging of Wilms Tumor

Stage 1: tumor in one kidney & can be completely removed with surgery
Stage 2: cancer in kidney, fat, soft tissues, or blood vessels near kidney; tumor removed with surgery
Stage 3: cancer found in areas near kidney & can't be removed with surgery; not spread outside of abdomen
Stage 4: cancer spread to distant organs
Stage 5: cancer in both kidneys

65

Treatment of Wilms Tumor

Surgery: radical or partial nephrectomy
Chemotherapy
Radiation: stages 3 & 4
Clinical trials