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Flashcards in Gyne Cancers Deck (24):
1

Most common gynecological cancer in developed countries

endometrial cancer

2

Type of endometrial CA that includes Grade 1 and 2 are estrogen sensitive and
carry a good prognosis

Type 1 (80%)

3

Type of endometrial CA that are grade 3 endometrioid tumors

type 2 (20%)

4

Type of endometrial CA that has a better prognosis than adenosquamous, papillary, serour, or clear cell types

endometriod (estrogen sensitive)

5

How much blood in a menopausal or postmenopausal women require work-up

one drop

6

Presentation includes perimenopausal woman w/irregular vaginal bleeding or postmenopausal woman w/new onset bleeding

endometrial CA

7

Work-up for endometiral CA

pelvic exam, urine/serum HCG, Ultrasound

8

Prevention of endometrial CA

progestin w/estrogen, diet/excercise/weight control

9

Cancer that affects females of all ages

ovarian cancer

10

Most common tissue type of ovarian cancers

epithelial (85-90%)

11

Symptoms include: abdominal distention, abdominal/pelvic pressure, anorexia, nausea, early satiety, dyspnea

ovarian cancer

12

When should you suspect ovarian cancer in women between 40-80yrs?

any woman with persistant GI symptoms

13

Genes that increase risk of ovarian cancer

BRCA1 and BRCA2

14

Markers that can be used in the detection of ovarian cancer

CA-125 and HE4

15

Mean age for cervical cancer

47 yrs

16

Most common type of cervical cancer

squamous cell (85-90%)

17

Etiology of cervical cancer

oncogenic HPV

18

Screening for cervical cancer

pap smear

19

Percentage of sexually active women who will aquire HPV

80%. Most will be cleared in 12-18 months

20

Oncogenic types of HPV

16, 18, 45

21

What are non-oncogenic types of cervical cancer associated with?

formation of condylomata

22

Types of HPV covered by vaccine

6, 11, 16, 18

23

Non-oncogenic types of HPV

6 and 11

24

Pregnancy category for HPV vaccine

category B. okay to give when lactating