Hypertension Flashcards Preview

OSCE Conditions > Hypertension > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hypertension Deck (5):
1

Causes of hypertension

Primary - no single evident cause (often familial)
Secondary - identifiable cause: renal disease, endocrine disease eg. Pheochromocytoma

2

Risk factors of hypertension

Age
High salt intake
Low exercise
Family history
Alcohol
Obesity

3

Complications of hypertension

Increased risk of ischaemic heart disease, strokes, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, kidney disease

4

Define hypertension

BP> 140/90mmHg

5

Management of hypertension

Diet and lifestyle advice: reduce salt and alcohol intake, lose weight, increase exercise
ACE inhibitors eg. Lisinopril, Ramipril
Thiazide diuretics eg. Bendroflumethiazide
Calcium channel blockers eg. Amlodipine