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Flashcards in II. The Skeleton Deck (28):
1

How many bones form the typical adult skeleton?

206 bones

2

What are the subdivisions of the skeleton?

the axial skeleton and appendicular skeleton

3

How many bones form the typical adult appendicular skeleton?

126 bones

4

How many bones form the typical adult axial skeleton?

80 bones

5

What bones form the axial skeleton?

the skull, hyoid, vertebral column, sternum, and ribs

6

What is the total number of bones forming the typical adult skull?

28 bones

7

What is the name given tot he adult skull minus the mandible?

the cranium

8

What are the names given tot he top of the adult skull?

the calvaria or calva

9

What are the categories of bone forming the typical adult skull?

the neurocranium, the facial skeleton (splanchnocranium or visceral cranium) and the auditory ossicles

10

What is the neurocranium?

the bones that support or protect the brain

11

How many bones form the typical adult neurocranium?

8 bones

12

What bones form the neurocranium of the typical adult skull?

the frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, shpenoid, and ethmoid

13

How many bones form the facial skeleton (splanchnocranium or visceral skeleton)?

14 bones

14

What is the facial skeleton (splanchnocranium or visceral cranium)?

the bones that support the face or front of the head

15

What bones form the facial skeleton?

mandible, vomer, nasal, maxilla, lacrimal, inferior nasal concha, palatine, and zygomatic

16

By strict definition, what is the splanchnocranium?

the bones that support the face minus the mandible

17

What bones form the splanchnocranium?

vomer, nasal, maxilla, lacrimal, inferior nasal concha, palatine, and zygomatic

18

How many bones comprise the typical adult auditory ossicles?

6 bones

19

What bones comprise the typical adult auditory ossicles?

the stapes, incus, and malleus

20

How many bones are present in the adult hyoid?

1 bone

21

What bones comprise the typical adult vertebral column or spinal column?

the cervical, thoracic, lumbar vertebrae and the sacrum and coccyx

22

What is the number of bones comprising each region of the typical adult spine?

7 cervical, 12 thoracic, and 5 lumbar vertebrae, 1 sacrum and 1 coccyx

23

What is the name given to the presacral region of the typical adult vertebral column or spinal column?

the spine

24

What is the total number of bones forming the typical adult spine?

24 bones

25

What is the definition of "spine" as it pertains to the vertebral column?

the presacral region of the vertebral column or spinal column

26

How many bones are present in the typical adult sternum?

1 bone

27

What regions are present along the typical adult sternum?

the manumbrium sterni, the corpus sterni, and the xiphoid process

28

How many ribs are present in the typical adult skeleton?

12 pair or 24 ribs