Infant Growth & Development (Birth to 2 Years) Flashcards Preview

PNP Boards > Infant Growth & Development (Birth to 2 Years) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infant Growth & Development (Birth to 2 Years) Deck (83)
Loading flashcards...
1

Preterm is gestational age less than:

37 weeks

2

Late preterm is newborn ____ weeks to _____ weeks gestation:

34 weeks to 36 6/7 weeks

3

Low birth weight is:

Less than 2500 g (2.5 kg or 5.5 lbs)

4

Very low birth weight is:

Less than 1500 g (1.5 kg or 3.3 lbs)

5

Extremely low birth weight is:

Less than 1000 g (1.0 kg or 2.2 lbs)

6

The average US newborn weighs ____ to ____:

6 lbs 2 oz (2812 g or 2.8 kg) to 9 lbs 2 oz (4173 g or 4.2 kg)

7

The average US newborn is ___ to ___ inches at birth:

19 to 21 inches

8

The average US newborn's head circumference is ___ to ___ at birth:

13 to 14 inches

9

Initial 8-10% weight loss occurs at 3-4 days of life is regained by ___ if formula fed and ___ if breastfed:

7 days formula and 14 days breast

10

Weight doubles by ___, triples by ___, and quadruples by ___:

Doubles by 6 months, triples by 1 year, and quadruples by 2 years

11

During the first 6 months a newborn should gain ___ per week:

5-7 oz

12

From 6 to 12 months an infant should gain ___:

1.5 lbs

13

Average weight gain in the second year is:

8-9 oz per month

14

Length usually increases ___ by 1 year, ___ by 4 years, and ___ by 13 years:

50% by 1 year, doubles by 4 years, triples by 13 years

15

Length increases by ___ per month during the first 6 months, then ___ per month through first year:

1 inch per month first 6 months then 1/2 inch per month through first year

16

Head circumference increases by ___ per month during the first 6 months then ___ per month through the first year:

1/2 inch per month, 1/4 inch per month

17

The posterior fontanel closes by:

6 to 8 weeks of age

18

The anterior fontanel closes by:

12 to 18 months of age

19

Formation of teeth begins:

The 3rd fetal month

20

Central incisors erupt at:

5-7 months (mandibular) 6-8 months (maxillary)

21

Lateral incisors erupt at:

7-10 months (mandibular) 8-11 months (maxillary)

22

Cuspids (canines) erupt at:

16-20 months

23

First molars erupt at:

10-16 months

24

Second molars erupt at:

20-30 months

25

Palmar grasp is strongest by ___ and disappears by ___:

Strongest by 1-2 months and disappears by 3 months

26

Plantar grasp (foot) disappears after:

8 months

27

Moro reflex disappears by:

6 months

28

Stepping reflex disappears by:

Before voluntary walking

29

Asymmetric tonic neck (fencing) reflex is diminished by ___ and disappears by ___:

Diminished by 3 months and gone by 6 months

30

Babinski (plantar) reflex disappears by___:

1-2 years old