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Flashcards in Intro to DSM Deck (31)
1

What is the general trend of mental status disorders, and percentage of budget allocated to them?

higher income countries have higher percent of budget allocated to them, and have higher percentages (d/t loss of other health concerns)

2

True or false: mental disorders increase the risk of physical disorders, and v.v.

True

3

Which is a bigger problem: overdiagnosing (pathologizing normal sadness) or underdiagnosing and lack of treatment. Why?

Underdiagnosing, because not diagnosing has a lot more health effects

4

What is a major reason for the stigma with mental disorders?

Because people think that it is self inflicted

5

What countries use the DSM-V, and which use ICD-10?

'merica uses DSM
Everyone else uses ICD-10

6

What was the major change that occurred between the DSM 2 and 3?

Went from psychoanalytic model, to purely symptom based diagnostic criteria

7

According to the DSM-5, can you diagnose someone with MDD if they've recently had a major loss? How was this changed with the DSM 5?

Yes--before you could not, technically

8

What, generally, is Asperger's syndrome?

Difficulty reading others' body language

9

What is the major issue with overdiagnosis?

Shifts focus on those who are worried well

10

What is the definition of a mental disorder?

A syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotional regulation, or behavior, that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning

11

What must be true to diagnose someone with a mental disorder?

Has to significantly impact their life

12

True or false: there is an increase in the prevalence of mental disorders in higher income countries

False--higher percentages, only because other diseases go down

13

True or false: it is much more dangerous to you if you have schizophrenia than you are a danger to others

True

14

What happened to the diagnostic threshold for GAD from the DSM IV to 5?

Lower threshold

15

What happened to Asperger's syndrome in the DSM 5?

Removed--not just levels

16

What are the major critiques of the DSM 5? (2)

-Too heavy of an influence from big pharma
-Overdiagnosis

17

Can you diagnose a mental illness if it is solely an expected or culturally appropriate response to an event?

No.

18

Does the DSM offer treatment options, or just diagnostic criteria?

Only diagnostic criteria

19

What, technically, is a syndrome?

Cluster of s/sx occurring together that are characteristic of a specific disorder

20

True or false: only a few psychiatric disorders are syndrome?

False--most are

21

What are the 6 domains of the WHODAS?

-Cognition
-Mobility
-Self-care
-Getting along with people
-Life activities
-Participation in society

22

What, generally, is the WHODAS?

WHO disability assessment schedule--a way to assess the severity of a mental illness

23

What are the two etiologies that may produce s/sx of mental disorders?

-Medical conditions
-Substance use

24

What is an "unspecified" disorder?

Disorder that falls into a general category, but not a specific dx

25

True or false: in cases where a patient meets more than 1 dx in the DSM, the text will state which takes precedence

True

26

What are "conditions for further study"?

Potential syndromes that do not have enough evidence to call it a true disorder (e.g. internet gaming disorder)

27

What information about diagnoses are included in the DSM 5? (4)

-Prevalence
-Course
-Familial pattern
-ddx

28

What is amok?

Dissociative episode with a period of brooding followed by violent outburst and highly aggressive behavior

Occurs in southeast Asia

29

What is Koro?

Fear of penis retraction and death--contagious

South and east asia

30

True or false: the DSM creates a framework to guide research about treatment

True

31

True or false: the DSM increases diagnostic reliability

True