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Flashcards in Introduction Deck (34)
1

Role of the PCP in Cancer

Prevention
Screening
Diagnosis
Management of symptoms (treatment or CA)

2

Prevention of Cancer

Tobacco cessation
Nutrition
Physical activity
Moderate alcohol consumption
Weight management
Decrease sun exposure
Decrease medical radiation

3

Most Common Cause of Preventable Cancer Death

Tobacco

4

What lowers the risk of several GI cancers?

Fruits & vegetables

5

High intake of what is associated with an increased risk of colon cancer?

Red meat

6

Cancers & Type 2 Diabetes

Increased risk in liver, pancreas, & endometrium CA
Lower increased risk of colon, breast, & bladder CA
Decreased risk of prostate CA

7

Increased Physical Activity can Decrease Risk of What Cancers

Liver
Pancreas
Stomach
Endometrial
Prostate
Breast
Colon

8

How Exercise Decreases CA Risk

Decreased insulin levels
Improved immune function
Altering levels of hormones, growth factors, prostaglandins, & build acid metabolism

9

Excessive ETOH Increases Risk of what CA

H&N
Esophagus
Liver

10

Obesity & Cancers

Breast
Uterine
Colorectal
Esophageal
Renal

11

Medical/Ionizing Radiation

Effects cumulative
Majority from CT scans

12

Define Ionizing Radiation

Causes electrons to detach from subatomic particles forming free radicals

13

Problems with Free Radicals

Interfere with chemical bonds
DNA mutation or cell death
Damage to essential cellular enzymes

14

Radiation Induced Cancers

Myeloma
Leukemia
Lung CA
Thyroid CA
Breast CA
Bone CA
Skin CA

15

How to protect patients from medical radiation?

Protect patients from medical imaging studies must be limited & medically justified

16

What does UV radiation cause?

Genetic mutations & interferes with the body's ability to reject abnormal cells

17

Define Neoplasia

Abnormal proliferation of cells in a tissue or organ

18

Define Hyperplasia

Proliferation of cells within an organ that may result in gross enlargement in response to a physiological stimulus
Remains under normal regulatory control

19

Define Hypertrophy

Increase in cell size

20

Define Dysplasia

Early form of pre-cancerous transformation detected in a biopsy or Pap-smear

21

Define Carcinoma "in situ"

"cancer in place"
Cells have lost their tissue identity, growth is rapid & without regulation
Not invasie

22

Define Invasive Carcinoma

Invading beyond the original tissue layer or location
May metastasize

23

Define Metaplasia

Changes in response to chronic physical or chemical irritation that causes the mucus secreting ciliated epithelium to be replaced by simple squamous epithelium

24

Cancer Management Team

Medical oncologist
Radiation oncologist
Surgical oncologist
Palliative care
Dietitian
Social work
Research nurse
Gastroenterologist
Pulmonologist
Surgeons
Dentist
Radiologist
Pathologist

25

Define Oncologist

Physician who specialize in the treatment of malignancies

26

Surgical Oncologists

H&N surgeons
Orthopedic oncologists
Gyn-oncologists
Neuro-surgical oncologists
Colorectal surgeons
Thoracic oncologists
Ocular oncologists
Oral surgeons

27

Other Specialists Multidisciplinary Management of Cancer

Neurologists
Maxillofacial specialists
Physiatrists-Physical medicine
Psychiatrists
Pain Management
Pathologists

28

Pharmacists in Cancer Care

Chemotherapy
Pain management
Immunotherapy
Toxicity management
Research drugs

29

Nurses in Cancer Care

Oncology nurses
Med/Surg & ICU
Ostomy nurses
Wound care specialists
Pain management specialists
Home care nursing
Hospice nursing

30

Support Personnel in Cancer Care

Social work
Psychologists
Neurobiologist & psychometrics
Wig fitters
Prosthetist
Mastectomy Fitters
Speech pathology
Physical therapy
Nutrition
Integrative medicine specialists

31

Define Palliative Care

Interdisciplinary care of the patient & family
Focus on relieving suffering, improving QOL
Pain & symptom management
Bereavement support

32

Most Common Cancer in Women

Breast

33

Most Common Cancer in Men

Prostate

34

Cancer that Causes Most Deaths in Men & Women

Lung