Flashcards in Introduction to joint classification Deck (17):
What is the term used to identify the study of joints?
What is the term to identify the study of ligaments?
What are three histological classifications of joints?
Fibrous, cartilaginous and synovial fluid
What were the three classification of joints based on movement potential?
Synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, and diarthrosis
What are the characteristics of the (amphiarthosis) synchondrosis?
they are primary cartilage joints, temporary in longevity, composed of hyaline cartilage to form between ossification centers within a cartilage template
What are the four consistent features of synovial (diarthrosis) joints?
Articular or fibrous capsule, synovial membrane, articular cartilage and synovial fluid
What movements are accommodated by arthrodial synovial joints?
Translational movement, a plane or gliding movement
What are examples of synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodial) joints?
Most zygapophyses of the vertebral column
Diarthosis trochoid joints are commonly called ____ joints based on action?
What are examples of synovial pivot (diarthrosis trochoid) joints?
Median atlanto-axial joint
What is the shared morphological characteristic of diarthrosis trochoid joints?
An osseous pivot point and an osteo-ligamentous ring
What is a common name for the diarthosis sellar joint?
Synovial saddle joint
What example of synovial saddle (diarthosis sellar) joint is identified along the spine?
The joint of luschka of typical cervicals is a modified sellar joint
Which joint classification exhibits a knuckle-shaped surface on one side of the joint and a concave surface on the other side?
What example of the diarthrosis condyar joint is identified along the spine?
The antlanto-occipital joint may be classified as a diarthrosis condylar joint
Which joint classification exhibits a knuckle-shaped surfcae on one side of the joint and an elliptical, concave surface of the other side?