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Flashcards in Knee Joint Deck (40)
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1

What is anterior and superior parts of the knee joint?

Quadriceps tendon and patellar tendon

2

What are the three separate articulations?

Femoropatellar and two femorotibial

3

What does not articulate with the knee joint?

Fibula

4

What are the capsule attachments anteriorly?

Fuses with quadriceps tendon, patella and ligamentum patellae

5

What are the capsule attachments posteriorly?

Encloses intercondylar fossa of femur; open posterior to lateral condyle of tibia for popliteus muscle

6

What covers the inner surface of the fat pads on either side of the patellar ligament?

Medial and lateral alar folds

7

What are synovial attachments?

Alar folds and Infrapatellar synovial fold

8

What are in communication with the synovial cavity of the knee joint?

Suprapatellar, Gastrocnemius, Semimembranosus and popliteus

9

What are the extracapsular ligaments?

Oblique Popliteal, Arcuate Popliteal and Medial & Lateral collateral

10

What are the intracapsular ligaments?

Anterior and posterior cruciate

11

What is the oblique popliteal ligament?

Expansion of Semimembranosus tendon which reinforces posterior capsule

12

What is the arcuate ligament?

Thickening of capsule over popliteus

13

What is the function of the arcuate ligament?

Strengthens posterolateral joint capsule

14

What is the medial collateral ligament?

Strong, flat thickening of capsule

15

What is the proximal attachment of the medial collateral ligament?

Medial epicondyle of femur

16

What is the distal attachment of the medial collateral ligament?

Medial condyle and superior medial surface of tibia

17

What do the deep fibres of the medial collateral ligament attach to?

Medial meniscus

18

What is the lateral collateral ligament like?

Strong and cord like

19

What is the proximal attachment of the lateral collateral ligament?

Lateral epicondyle of femur

20

What is the distal attachment of the lateral collateral ligament?

Lateral head of fibula

21

The tendon of biceps femoris is split into?

Two

22

What are taut in every joint position?

Cruciate ligaments

23

What do the cruciate ligaments do?

Maintain contact between femoral and tibial articular surfaces when knee is flexed

24

When do the cruciate ligaments wind around each other?

During medial rotation of the tibia limited to 10 degrees

25

What is the function of the posterior cruciate ligament?

Prevents the femur from sliding anteriorly on the tibia, particularly when the knee is flexed

26

What is the function of the anterior cruciate ligament?

Prevents the femur from sliding posteriorly on the tibia, preventing hypertension of the knee, and limits medial rotation of the femur when the foot is planted

27

What is the proximal attachment of the anterior cruciate ligament?

Anterior intercondylar area of tibia

28

What is the distal attachment of the anterior cruciate ligament?

Medial side of lateral condyle of femur

29

What degrees does the anterior cruciate ligament spiral through?

110 degrees between tibia and femur

30

What does the anteriomedial band do in the anterior cruciate ligament?

Limits flexion