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Flashcards in Labs and Health Screenings Deck (55)
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1

Normal hemoglobin value (Newborn and Infant-Adolescent)

Newborn: 14-24
Infant-Adolescent: 11-16

2

Normal hematocrit values (newborn, 1 month, 1 year-adolescent)

Newborn: 42-60
1 Month: 33-55
1 Year-Adolescent: 33-43

3

Normal red blood cell values

4.0-5.2

4

Normal WBC (x 1000) values (Newborn, 1 month, 1 Year-Adolescent)

Newborn: 9-30
1 Month: 5-19.5
1 Year to Adolescent: 5-14

5

Normal neutrophils (segs %)

33-60

6

Normal bands % (immature neutrophils)

0-5

7

Normal lymphocyte % (Newborn, Infant-11, Adolescent)

Newborn: 25-33
Infant-11: 31-60
Adolescent: 20-45

8

Normal platelets

150-400

9

Increased hemoglobin:

Polycythemia (overproduction of RBCs due to hypoxia)
Dehydration
Intravascular hemolysis

10

Decreased hemoglobin:

Anemia
Hemodilution
Sickle cell anemia
Thalassemia
Hemorrhage
Hyperthyroidism

11

Increased hematocrit:

Polycythemia (overproduction of RBCs due to hypoxia)
Dehydration
Erythrocytosis

12

Decreased hematocrit:

Anemia
Hemorrhage
Hyperthyroidism
Leukemia
Cirrhosis

13

Increased RBCs:

Dehydration
Hemorrhage
Severe diarrhea
Acute poisoning

14

Decreased RBCs:

Blood loss
Low iron intake
Lead poisoning
Leukemia
Rheumatic fever
SLE
Subacute bacterial endocarditis

15

Increased WBCs:

Bacterial infection
Acute hemorrhage
Serum sickness
Steroid use
Hemolysis
Leukemia

16

Decreased WBCs:

Bone marrow depression (viral infection, hypersplenia, leukemia, certain drugs)

17

Band cell or stab (immature neutrophil) increased "shift to the left":

Indicates severe bacterial infection (i.e. sepsis or pneumonia)

18

Increased neutrophils:

Bacterial infection
DKA
Stress response/ emotional distress
Inflammatory disease

19

Decreased neutrophils (neutropenia):

Viral infection (hepatitis, mono)
Chemotherapy or radiation
Immune deficiencies
Malignancies

20

Increased lymphocytes:

Viral infection
Lymphocytic leukemia
Ulcerative colitis
Immune diseases

21

Decreased lymphocytes:

Immunosuppressive therapy
Hodgkin's disease
Burns or trauma
Cushing syndrome
Corticosteroid usage
HIV infection

22

Atypical lymphocytes:

Common in premature and healthy newborns
May indicate viral infection (mono or hepatitis)

23

Increased platelets:

Acute infection
Malignancy
Splenectomy
Trauma
RA
Kawasaki disease

24

Decreased platelets (thrombocytopenia):

Leukemia
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
Drugs (penicillin, ampicillin, cephalothin)
Hemolytic uremic syndrome
DIC
Viral infection
HIV

25

Increased sodium (>145):

Dehydration
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Diabetes insipidus
Cushing syndrome

26

Decreased sodium (

Vomiting
Diarrhea
Burns
DKA
Addison's disease
Renal failure
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH)

27

Increased potassium (>5):

Acidosis
Renal failure

28

Decreased potassium (

Diarrhea
Vomiting
Dehydration
Malabsorption
Diuretics
Anti-inflammatory drugs

29

Increased blood urea nitrogen BUN (>20):

High protein diet
Renal obstruction or disease
GI hemorrhage
Dehydration
Shock

30

Decreased blood urea nitrogen BUN (

Hemodilution
Pregnancy
Nephrotic syndrome
Liver failure