Lecture 12: Understanding The Determinants Of Population Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 12: Understanding The Determinants Of Population Health Deck (15)
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1

What is phase 1 of the public health framework?

Define the problem

2

What is phase 2 of the public health framework?

Identify risk and protective factors

3

What is phase 3 of the public health framework?

Develop and test prevention strategies

4

What is phase 4 of the public health framework?

Assure widespread adoption

5

What phase do determinants largely relate to?

Phase 2: identify risk and protective factors

6

Define determinants

"Any event, characteristic or other definable entity that brings about a change for better or worse in health"

7

Provide examples of determinants

Water, shelter, sanitation
Income
Employment
Education
Housing and neighbourhoods
Societal characteristics e.g racism, alcohol attitudes, violence towards children
Autonomy and empowerment: social cohesion

8

Major health determinants

Age
Gender
Ethnicity
Income
Education
Occupation
Housing tenure
Crowded housing
Access, deprivation, racism

9

How is module 2 applied to the GATE frame?

Triangle= measuring the population
Circle = Dahlgren and whitehead model aka understanding the effects of socioeconomic position of other determinants
Square = identifying inequalities and inequities and why these should be reduced

10

What is an example of the gate frame triangle in understand determinants?

Participants

11

Where does the number of people 15+ years by annual household income quintile fit on the gate frame?

The circle aka Dahlgren and whitehead

12

Where does people living in crowded households fit in the gate frame?

The square

13

What is the main cause of death in NZ?

Cancer (ischaemic heart disease has had a steady decline)

14

Do Maori populations have higher exposure to determinants with adverse effects on health?

Yes, across all

15

What are some responses to determinants of health perspective?

1. Encourage government/agencies to improve living and working conditions
2. Provide opportunities to empower individuals
3. Increase social connections
4. Reduce barriers to healthcare/systems