Lecture 20: Mapping Variations/Social Justice Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 20: Mapping Variations/Social Justice Deck (13)
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1

What does excessive cholesterol do??

Builds up and restricts blood flow

2

How many global deaths is high cholesterol said to cause?

2.6 million

3

Cholesterol and the public health framework: define the problem

In NZ, high cholesterol levels display a social gradient that is apparent by age, gender, ethnicity and SEP

4

Cholesterol and Public health framework: identify risk and protective factors

Maori, Polynesian, Indian
45+ years
Male
Smoker
Type 2 diabetes
Obese
Previous history of CVD
High deprivation level

5

Cholesterol and Public health framework: develop and test prevention strategies?

- NZ has a set of guidelines to help GPs manage a patient's risk, according to some determinants of health
- cholesterol screening for people without CVD, monitoring for people with CVD

6

Cholesterol and public health framework: Assure widespread adoption

Epidemiological analyses to ensure that the population are receiving appropriate levels of treatment

7

Which measurements of inequities have no units?

Risk ratio
External quotient

Aka relative measures

8

Which measurements of inequities have units?

Risk difference
Range

Aka absolute measures

9

What is risk ratio?

EGO/CGO

10

What is extremal quotient?

Highest rate/lowest rate

11

What is risk difference?

EGO-CGO

12

What is range?

Highest rate- lowest rate

13

Define the inverse care law

The availability of good medical care tends to vary inversely with the need of the population served