Let's get drunk Flashcards Preview

my CLASP: alcohol > Let's get drunk > Flashcards

Flashcards in Let's get drunk Deck (9)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the treatment for methanol?

ethanol
dialysis

2

What are the first 2 enzymes in the alcohol metabolism?

1. alcohol dehydrogenase
2. aldehyde dehydrogenase

3

What is the rate of alcohol elimination?

15mg/100ml/hour

4

Why do women have lower alcohol tolerance?

-lower distribution volume
-higher subcutaneous fat
- less alcohol dehydrogenase

5

WHat are the consequences of heavy drinking (on molecular level)?

1. Hepatic gluconeogenesis inhibition
2. Krebs cyle inhibition (aerobic -> anaerobic)
3. Impaired fatty acid oxidation

6

What is Alcoholic Ketoacidosis associated with? What are the blood results like?

malnourished patients with chronic alcoholism

normal glucose
high ketones (beta-hydroxybutyrate)

7

What effects does alcohol have on the CNS?

It is a CNS depressant
-it increases GABBA, which is a neurotransimitter inhibitor

8

Why is water reabsorption by the kidney decreased following alcohol consumption?

Anti Diuretic Hormone (ADH) is inhibited

9

Why does alcohol lead to increased heart rate?

Alcohol is a negative inotrope - it decreases the cardiac contractility
-it is compensated by increased heart rate