Flashcards in Let's get drunk Deck (9)
What is the treatment for methanol?
What are the first 2 enzymes in the alcohol metabolism?
1. alcohol dehydrogenase
2. aldehyde dehydrogenase
What is the rate of alcohol elimination?
Why do women have lower alcohol tolerance?
-lower distribution volume
-higher subcutaneous fat
- less alcohol dehydrogenase
WHat are the consequences of heavy drinking (on molecular level)?
1. Hepatic gluconeogenesis inhibition
2. Krebs cyle inhibition (aerobic -> anaerobic)
3. Impaired fatty acid oxidation
What is Alcoholic Ketoacidosis associated with? What are the blood results like?
malnourished patients with chronic alcoholism
high ketones (beta-hydroxybutyrate)
What effects does alcohol have on the CNS?
It is a CNS depressant
-it increases GABBA, which is a neurotransimitter inhibitor
Why is water reabsorption by the kidney decreased following alcohol consumption?
Anti Diuretic Hormone (ADH) is inhibited