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Passive Care Final > Manual Therapy/Traction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Manual Therapy/Traction Deck (49)
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1

What is the "psychological effect" of manual therapy like massage?

"Hands on" effect

2

What are the indications for massage?

Superficial adhesions, circulatory stasis, congestion, edema/joint swelling, myalgia/trigger points, tension headaches, post exertion fatigue and stiffness

3

What are the contraindications for massage?

Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis/embolism, severe varicosities, acute phlebitis, cellulitis, synovitis, abscesses and skin infections, acute inflammatory conditions

4

What in the only way in which massage can be applied to areas of severe varicosities?

If done toward the heart

5

In what direction is effleurage massage done?

Parallel with the orientation of the fibers of the targeted muscle tissue

6

What type of massage is done by kneading the muscle with one or both hands and pulling the tissue up?

Petrissage

7

What type of massage is done with long stroking motions (both superficial and deep) and applied with the palm of the hand or the flats of the fingers?

Effleurage

8

What is the type of massage that is done as a series of rapid blows?

Tapotement or percussion

9

"Tapping" in massage is done with what body part?

Tips of fingers

10

"Hacking" in massage is done with what body part?

Ulnar border of the hand (chopping)

11

"Slapping" in massage is done with what body part?

Fingers

12

"Cupping" in massage is done with what body part?

Cupped hands

13

Manual vibration done as massage is done in what direction?

Perpendicular to the orientation of the targeted muscle fibers and done distal to proximal

14

G5, Genie Rub, and Thumper are all examples of what kind of therapy?

Mechanical vibration (massage)

15

Decreasing congestion, edema, and stasis, milk tissue, and postural drainage are all indications for which type of mechanical vibration frequency?

LOW

16

Analgesia, decreasing trigger points, pre-exercise warm up, relaxing spasticity, and superficial circulatory stimulation are all indication for which type of mechanical vibration frequency?

HIGH

17

When is medium frequency used for mechanical vibration?

Mild cases of the high frequency indications like analgesia and decreasing trigger points

18

What is the treatment time for trigger points with vibratory massage?

6-8 minutes (1 minute per)

19

What is the treatment time for muscle relaxation with vibratory massage?

Up to 10 minutes

20

What is the treatment time for postural drainage with vibratory massage?

Up to 15 minutes

21

What is the treatment time for general body relaxation with vibratory massage?

5 minutes

22

James Cyriax is known for what type of therapy?

Cross-friction massage

23

What is cross-friction massage used for?

Lossening scar tissue/adhesions, absorption of local edema, mobilize ligaments, tendons, and scars, restore mobility and extensibility

24

Cross-friction massage is done specifically to what part of anatomy?

Ligaments, tendons, muscles

25

In what direction is cross-friction massage administered?

Perpendicular to orientation of tissue fibers

26

What is unique about the administration of cross-friction massage?

No lotion used, done until numb, massage directly over pain

27

What is the treatment time for cross-friction massage?

7-10 minutes or until numb

28

What is the rope sign associated with trigger point therapy?

Taught band of fibers which can be "snapped" like a rope causing hyper-excitability in surrounding musculature (twitch response)

29

What is myofascial release?

Applying pressure to tendons, ligaments, fascia, and nerves while actively or passively moving the tissue

30

What four things does ART focus on?

Tissue texture, tension, movement, and function