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Flashcards in Micro Summary: Treatment Deck (68)
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1

Bacteriodes: Bacilus, Prevotella, Porphoryngeus

Drainage, TFM

2

Histotoxic Clostridia: C. perfringens, C. septicum

Surgery, amputation

3

C. tetani

Antitoxin

4

C. botulism

Antitoxin

5

C. difficile

Metronidazole (oral or IV) or oral vancomycin (but NOT IV)

6

Haemophilus influenzae

Cephalosporins & amoxicillin/clavulanate, rifampin (carriers), Hilleman's vaccine

7

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

TFM, azithromycin (prophylaxis)

8

Klebsiella

All produce SHV-type beta-lactamase (Resistant to ampicillin), Some produce ESBL (Resistant to all beta-lactams except carbapenems), Some produce K. pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) beta-lactamase (Resistant to all beta-lactams including carbapenems)

9

Yersinia pestis

Streptomycin (& gentamicin, doxycycline, ciprofloxacin)

10

Chlamydia trachomatis

Normal: azitrhomycin & doxycycline, Pregnant: azitrhomycin & amoxicillin, LGB: doxycycline

11

Treponema pallidum

Early/Late: benzathine PCN G & doxycycline, Neurosyphilis: crystalline PCN G, Pregnant: PCN (desensitize)

12

Rickettsia rickettsii

Doxycycline

13

Borrelia burgdorferi

Early: doxycycline, amoxicillin, Late: IV ceftriaxone

14

Bacillus anthracis

Cutaneous: doxycycline or ciprofloxacin,Inhalational/GI: Ciprofloxacin, linezolid, Meropenem (meningitis), Clindamycin (no meningitis), Post-exposure prophylaxis: vaccine, doxycycline, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, Raxibacumab, pleural effusion drainage, vaccine

15

Francisella tularensis

Streptomycin (& gentamicin, doxycycline)

16

Helicobacter pylori

>1 antimicrobial (e.g., clarithromycin and bismuth salts) and an acid blocker (e.g., omeprazole)

17

Enterococcus faecium

Linezolid and daptomycin against vancomycin resistant Enterococci (VRE)

18

Staphylococcus aureus

Vancomycin, linezolid, daptomycin

19

Neisseria meningitidis

Penicillins, Cephalosporins, FQs

20

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Cephalosporins (ceftriaxone)

21

Streptococcus pyogenes

Penicillins, Beta-lactams

22

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Beta-lactams

23

Listeria monocytogenes

Ampicillin or TMP/SMX

24

Legionella pneumophila

Macrolides, quinolones

25

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

BCG vaccine, rifampin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, ethamutol, FQs (moxi, second line)

26

Mycobacterium leprae

Dapsone, rifampin

27

Corynebacterium diphtheria

Antitoxin, DPT vaccine, erythromycin, penicillin

28

Vibrio cholera

Oral vaccines (O1, O139, B-subunit recombinants), restore fluid/electrolyte balance, oral rehydration solution, azithromycin

29

Bordetella pertussis

Purified diptheria and tetanus toxoid proteins (DPT), acellular version (DtaP), adverse reactions much lower

30

Candida albicans

Nystatin, azoles
Azoles, echinocandins, amphotericin B