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Flashcards in Minerals I Deck (77)
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1

What are macrominerals?

Minerals that are required at amounts >100mg/day

2

What are trace minerals?

Minerals required at amounts

3

What major minerals are those present in amounts larger than what?

5 g

4

Major or trace mineral: Ca

Major

5

Major or trace mineral: phosphorus

major

6

Major or trace mineral: K

Major

7

Major or trace mineral: sulfur

major

8

Major or trace mineral: chloride

Major

9

Major or trace mineral: Mg

Major

10

Major or trace mineral: Fe

Trace

11

Major or trace mineral: Zn

trace

12

Major or trace mineral: Cu

Trace

13

Major or trace mineral: Mg

Trace

14

Major or trace mineral: Iodine

trace

15

Major or trace mineral: Selenium

Trace

16

Ca and phosphoruss are higher in adolescents than at any other time. Why?

High bone growth

17

Is there a DRI or UL for sulfur?

No

18

What is the role of Cl in the body?

Maintains enzyme activation, pH

19

What is the role of potassium?

Water/eletrolyte balance
Cell membrane transfer

20

Deficiency in K leads to what?

Muscle weakness/paralysis
Arrhythmias

21

What are the sources of phosphorus?

meat
dairy

22

What is the role of Na?

Water and electrolyte balance
pH balance
nerve transmission

23

Deficiency in Na leads to what?

Anorexia
Nausea
Muscle atrophy

24

What is the role of sulfur in the body?

Component of amino acids

25

Deficiency of sulfur leads to what?

Unknown

26

What are the sources of sulfur?

proteinacious foods

27

What is the DRI for water for males? Females?

Males = 3.7 L/day
Females = 2.5 L/day

28

A decrease in what percent of body water can be life threatening?

10%

29

What are the functions of water?

Solvent
Regulate body temp
Lube joints
Transport

30

What percent of body water is found intracellularly? Extracellularly?

Intracellularly = 60%
Extracellularly = 40%